Rethinking IoT/OT Security to Mitigate Cyberthreats

August 26th, 2020 No comments

We live in an exciting time. We’re in the midst of the fourth industrial revolution—first steam, followed by electricity, then computers, and, now, the Internet of Things.

A few years ago, IoT seemed like a futuristic concept that was on the distant horizon. The idea that your fridge would be connected to the internet, constantly uploading and downloading data and ordering things on its own, like new filters or groceries, seemed laughable. Why would anyone want or need such a thing?

Now, IoT and other embedded and operational technologies (OT) are far more pervasive in our lives than anyone could have imagined. Robotics, chemical and pharmaceutical production, power generation, oil production, transportation, mining, healthcare devices, building management systems, and seemingly everything else is becoming part of a smart, interconnected, machine-learning powered system. Machines can now monitor themselves, diagnose problems, and then reconfigure and improve based on the data.

The threat is real

It’s an exciting time, but it’s also an alarming time, especially for CISOs (Chief Information Security Officers) working diligently to employ risk mitigation and keep their companies secure from cyberthreats. Billions of new IoT devices go online each year, and as these environments become more connected with digitization initiatives, their attack surfaces grow.

From consumer goods to manufacturing systems to municipal operations like the power grid, it all needs data protection. The threat is very real. Take the Mirai botnet hack, for example. 150,000 cameras hacked and turned into a botnet that blocked internet access for large portions of the US. We have also seen destructive and rapidly spreading ransomware attacks, like NotPetya, cripple manufacturing and port operations around the globe.  However, existing IT security solutions cannot solve those problems due to the lack of standardized network protocols for such devices and the inability to certify device-specific products and deploy them without impacting critical operations.  So, what exactly is the solution? What do people need to do to resolve the IoT security problem?

Working to solve this problem is why Microsoft has joined industry partners to create the Open Source Security Foundation as well as acquired IoT/OT security leader CyberX. This integration between CyberX’s IoT/OT-aware behavioral analytics platform and Azure unlocks the potential of unified security across converged IT and industrial networks. And, as a complement to the embedded, proactive IoT device security of Microsoft Azure Sphere, CyberX IoT/OT provides monitoring and threat detection for devices that have not yet upgraded to Azure Sphere security. Used together, CyberX and Azure Sphere can give you visibility to what’s happening in your environment while actively preventing exploitation of your connected equipment. The goal is to achieve the mission of securing every unmanaged device to help protect critical operations.

Both Microsoft and CyberX have managed to help protect a large number of enterprises around the world—including leading organizations in manufacturing, pharmaceuticals and healthcare, power utilities, oil and gas companies, data centers, and more, at a global scale.

This success is due to taking a completely different approach, an innovative solution that prioritizes ease of deployment and use—to provide a security solution custom-built for OT and industrial control systems. So, what do you need to do that?

Let’s sit in a plant. Imagine that the process keeps on running, so from an operational perspective, all is fine. But even if operations are moving smoothly, you don’t know if someone is trying to hack your systems, steal your IP, or disrupt your day-to-day processes—you wouldn’t know that until the processes are disrupted, and by then, it’s too late.

To catch these threats, you need to understand what you have, understand the process interaction, validate access to the resources, and understand root cause analysis from other breaches. From a technology perspective, to gain this level of understanding, you need automated and intelligent asset visibility, behavioral analytics capable of understanding OT/IoT behavior, vulnerability management, and threat hunting. To defend against these threats, you will want to deploy an IoT device security solution that implements critical security properties, including defense in-depth, error reporting, and renewable security, that will help keep your connected devices and equipment protected over time.

Where to go from here

For any business looking to learn more about IoT/OT security, a good place to start is by downloading CyberX’s global IoT/ICS risk report. This free report provides a data-driven analysis of vulnerabilities in our Internet of Things (IoT) and industrial control systems (ICS) infrastructure.

Based on data collected in the past 12 months from 1,821 production IoT/ICS networks—across a diverse mix of industries worldwide—the analysis was performed using passive, agentless monitoring with patented deep packet inspection (DPI) and Network Traffic Analysis (NTA). The data shows that IoT/ICS environments continue to be soft targets for adversaries, with security gaps in key areas such as:

  • Outdated operating systems
  • Unencrypted passwords
  • Remotely accessible devices
  • Unseen indicators of threats
  • Direct internet connections

To learn more about protecting your critical equipment and devices with layered and renewable security, we recommend reading The seven properties of highly secured devices. To understand how these properties are implemented in Azure Sphere, you can download The 19 best practices for Azure Sphere.

These are key resources for any businesses looking to increase their IoT security and help mitigate cyberthreats to their organization’s systems and data.

Learn more

Tackling the IoT security threat is a big, daunting project, but Microsoft is committed to helping solve them through innovation and development efforts that empower businesses across the globe to operate more safely and securely.

To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website.  Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

To learn more about protecting your critical equipment and devices with layered and renewable security, reach out to your Microsoft account team and we recommend reading The seven properties of highly secured devices.

The post Rethinking IoT/OT Security to Mitigate Cyberthreats appeared first on Microsoft Security.

How can Microsoft Threat Protection help reduce the risk from phishing?

August 26th, 2020 No comments

Microsoft Threat Protection can help you reduce the cost of phishing

The true cost of a successful phishing campaign may be higher than you think. Although phishing defenses and user education have become common in many organizations, employees still fall prey to these attacks. This is a problem because phishing is often leveraged as the first step in other cyberattack methods. As a result, its economic impact remains hidden. Understanding how these attacks work is key to mitigating your risk.

One reason phishing is so insidious is that attackers continuously evolve their methods. In this blog, I’ve described why you need to take phishing seriously and how different phishing methods work. You’ll also find links to Microsoft Threat Protection solutions that can help you reduce your risk.

Nearly 1 in 3 attacks involve phishing

According to Accenture’s Ninth Annual Cost of Cybercrime Study, phishing attacks cost the average organization USD1.4 million in 2018, an eight percent rise over 2017. This likely underestimates the cost because the report only considers four major consequences when determining the cost of an attack: business disruption, information loss, revenue loss, and equipment damage. However, phishing is used as the delivery method for several other attacks, including business email compromise, malware, ransomware, and botnet attacks. The 2019 Verizon Data Breach Report finds that almost one in three attacks involved phishing. And according to the 2019 Internet Crime Complaint Center, phishing/vishing/smishing/pharming are the most common methods for scamming individuals online.

Since the costs of other attacks can often be attributed to phishing, a comprehensive cyber risk mitigation strategy should place a high value on phishing defenses and user education.

Phishing campaigns can be well-targeted and sophisticated

As attackers have developed new methods to evade detection by defenders and victims, phishing has transformed. Phishing now uses mediums other than email, including voicemail, instant messaging, and collaboration platforms, as people have enhanced email-based defenses, but may have not considered these other attack vectors. The success of phishing as the delivery of other cyberattacks makes it critically important for defenders to be able to identify the many types of phishing and how to defend against them, including:

  • Mass market phishing: When you think of phishing this is likely what comes to mind. These emails go out to a large group of people and use a generic message to trick users into clicking a link or downloading a file. Attacks often use email spoofing, so that the message appears to come from a legitimate source.
  • Spear phishing: Spear phishing is a more targeted social engineering method. Attackers pick an individual, such as a global administrator or an HR professional, conduct research, and then craft an email that makes use of that research to dupe the victim.
  • Whaling: These emails target someone on the executive team. Like spear phishing, these attacks start with research, which the attacker uses to write an email that appears legitimate.
  • Business-email compromise: In these attacks, adversaries compromise an executive’s account, such as the CEO, and then use that account to ask a direct report to wire money.
  • Clone phishing: Attackers clone a legitimate email and then change the link or attachment.
  • Vishing: Vishing is a phishing attempt using the phone. Victims are asked to call back and enter a PIN number or account number.

Fahmida Y. Rashid provides more details about these type of phishing attacks on CSO.

An emerging phishing method exploits the increase in remote work

Recently, another phishing type was identified called consent phishing. In response to COVID-19, people have increased their usage of cloud apps and mobile devices to facilitate work from home. Bad actors have taken advantage of this shift by leveraging application-based attacks to gain unwarranted access to valuable data in cloud services. By using application prompts similar to that on mobile devices, they trick victims into allowing the malicious applications permission to access services and data (see Figure 2).

An image showing the Microsoft "Permissions requested" dialogue.

Figure 1: Familiar application prompts trick users into giving malicious apps access to services and data.

The following best practices can help you defend against this new threat:

  • Educate your organization on how to identify a consent phishing message. Poor spelling and grammar are two indicators that the request isn’t legitimate. Users may also notice that the URL doesn’t quite look right.
  • Promote and allow access to apps you trust. Use publisher verified to identify apps that have been validated by the Microsoft platform. Configure application consent policies, so employees are guided to applications you trust.
  • Educate your organization on how permissions and consent framework works in the Microsoft platform.

Office 365 Advanced Threat Protection helps prevent and remediate phishing attacks

Office 365 Advanced Threat Protection (Office 365 ATP), natively protects all of Office 365 against advanced attacks. The service leverages industry-leading intelligence fueled by trillions of signals to continuously evolve to prevent emerging threats, like phishing and impersonation attacks. As part of Microsoft Threat Protection, Office 365 ATP provides security teams with the tools to investigate and remediate these threats, and integrates with other Microsoft Threat Protection products like Microsoft Defender Advanced Threat Protection and Azure Advanced Threat Protection to help stop cross-domain attacks spanning email, collaboration tools, endpoints, identities, and cloud apps.

Microsoft Threat Protection increases analyst efficiency

Microsoft Threat Protection stops attacks across Microsoft 365 services and auto-heals affected assets. It leverages the Microsoft 365 security portfolio to automatically analyze threat data across identities, endpoints, cloud applications, and email and docs. By fusing related alerts into incidents, defenders can respond to threats and attacks immediately and in their entirety, saving precious time. (see Figure 3).

The following actions will help you gain greater visibility into attacks to protect your organization.

An image of : Microsoft Threat Protection and Office 365 ATP provide several capabilities to help you protect your organization from phishing attacks.

Figure 2: Microsoft Threat Protection and Office 365 ATP provide several capabilities to help you protect your organization from phishing attacks.

To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website.  Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

The post How can Microsoft Threat Protection help reduce the risk from phishing? appeared first on Microsoft Security.

How to detect and mitigate phishing risks with Microsoft and Terranova Security

August 25th, 2020 No comments

Detect, assess, and remediate phishing risks across your organization

A successful phishing attack requires just one person to take the bait. That’s why so many organizations fall victim to these cyber threats. To reduce this human risk, you need a combination of smart technology and people-centric security awareness training. But if you don’t understand your vulnerabilities, it can be difficult to know where to start.  Attack simulation training capabilities in Office 365 Advanced Threat Protection (Office 365 ATP) empower you to detect, assess, and remediate phishing risk through an integrated phish simulation and training experience. And, in October 2020, you can get true phishing clickthrough benchmarks when you register for the Terranova Security Gone Phishing TournamentTM.

Terranova Security is a global leader in cybersecurity awareness training that draws on principles of behavioral science to create training content that changes user behavior. Through a partnership with Microsoft, Terranova Security is able to enrich our training programs with insights from the Microsoft platform, while Microsoft leverages our content and technology in Microsoft Office 365 Advanced Threat Protection (Office 365 ATP).

Today’s blog shares how the Gone Phishing Tournament helps you baseline against your industry and peers, and how Office 365 ATP Attack Simulation training can help you mitigate the risk of a phishing-related data breach.

How does your risk of being phished stack up?

Cybercriminals exploit human psychology to trick users, which is why they introduced COVID-19-themed phishing lures in the early days of the pandemic. Many employees are working from home for the first time and have children and other family members competing for their attention. Bad actors hope to trick employees when they are busy and stressed. Although it’s understandable why people accidentally act on phishing campaigns, there is an opportunity to turn your employees into your first line of defense. When people understand how phishing campaigns work, your organization is more secure.

An image showing typical malware campaigns before and after.

 

The Gone Phishing Tournament will give you valuable insight into how well employees understand phishing. The Gone Phishing Tournament is a free, annual cybersecurity event that takes place in October. The tournament leverages a phishing email based on real-world threats provided by Attack simulation training in Office 365 ATP and localizes it for your audience. After you register, you can select the users you want to include in the phishing simulation. We run the simulation for a set number of days using the same template, so you get an accurate assessment of how you compare to peer organizations. At the end of the tournament, you’ll receive a personalized click report and a global benchmarking report.

Empower employees to defend against phishing threats

Phishing simulations are a great way to educate employees about phishing threats, but to shift behavior you need a regular program that includes targeted education alongside simulations. Terranova Security’s awareness training, which will soon be available in Office 365 ATP, takes a pedagogical approach with gamification and interactive sessions designed to engage adults. It is localized for employees around the world and complies with web content accessibility guidelines (WCAG) 2.0.

Later this year, Office 365 ATP Attack Simulator and Training will launch integrated with Terranova Security awareness training. You’ll be able to take advantage of comprehensive training benefits that will help you measure behavior change and automate design and deployment of an integrated security awareness training program:

  • Simulate real threats: Detect vulnerabilities with real lures and templates for accurate risk assessment. By automatically or manually sending employees the same emails that attackers have used against your organization, you can uncover risk. Then, target users who fall for phish with personalized training content that helps them connect what they learned with real-world campaigns.
  • Remediate intelligently: Quantify social engineering risk across your employees and threat vectors to prioritize remedial training. Track your organization’s progress against a baseline and measure the behavioral impact of training. Using user susceptibility metrics, you can trigger automated repeat offender simulations and training for people who need extra attention.
  • Improve security posture: Reinforce your human firewall with hyper-targeted training designed to change employee behavior. Training can be customized and localized to meet the diverse needs of employees. Tailor simulations to your employee’s contexts—region, industry, function—with granular conditionality on harvesting. You can also cater to diverse learning styles and reinforce awareness with interactive nano learning and microlearning content.

In the new world of remote work, it has become clear that your people are your perimeter. Attack simulation training in Office 365 ATP, delivered in partnership with Terranova Security can help you identify vulnerable users and deliver targeted, engaging education that empowers them to defend against the latest phishing threats.   Look for a future blog from me in the beginning of cybersecurity awareness month that will discuss in more detail how to train your employees on security. In the meantime, register for Terranova Security Gone Phishing Tournament October 2020.

To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website.  Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

The post How to detect and mitigate phishing risks with Microsoft and Terranova Security appeared first on Microsoft Security.

How do I implement a Zero Trust security model for my Microsoft remote workforce?

August 24th, 2020 No comments

Digital empathy should guide your Zero Trust implementation

Zero Trust has always been key to maintaining business continuity. And now, it’s become even more important during the COVID-19 pandemic to helping enable the largest remote workforce in history. While organizations are empowering people to work securely when, where, and how they want, we have found the most successful are the ones who are also empathetic to the end-user experience. At Microsoft, we refer to this approach as digital empathy. As you take steps to protect a mobile workforce, a Zero Trust strategy grounded in digital empathy will help enhance cybersecurity, along with productivity and collaboration too.

This was one of a few important topics that I recently discussed during a cybersecurity fireside chat with industry thought leader, Kelly Bissell, Global Managing Director of Security Accenture. Accenture, one of Microsoft’s most strategic partners, helps clients use Microsoft 365 to implement a Zero Trust strategy that is inclusive of everyone. “How do we make working from home both convenient and secure for employees during this time of constant change and disruption,” has become a common question both Kelly and I hear from organizations as we discuss the challenges of maintaining business continuity while adapting to this new world—and beyond. I encourage everyone to explore these points more deeply by watching my entire conversation with Kelly.

Our long-term Microsoft-Accenture security relationship helps customers navigate the current environment and emerge even stronger as we look past the pandemic. The following are some of the key steps shared during our conversation that you can take to begin applying digital empathy and Zero Trust to your organization.

Protect your identities with Azure Active Directory

Zero Trust is an “assume breach” security posture that treats each request for access as a unique risk to be evaluated and verified. This starts with strong identity authentication. Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) is an identity and secure access management (IAM) solution that you can connect to all your apps including Microsoft apps, non-Microsoft cloud apps, and on-premises apps. Employees sign in once using a single set of credentials, simplifying access. To make it even easier for users, deploy Azure AD solutions like passwordless authentication, which eliminates the need for users to memorize passwords. Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is one of the most important things you can do to help secure employee accounts, so implement MFA for 100 percent of your users, 100 percent of the time.

According to a new Forrester report, The Total Economic Impact™ of Securing Apps with Microsoft Azure Active Directory, customers who secure apps with Microsoft Azure Active Directory can improve user productivity, reduce costs, and gain IT efficiencies to generate a 123 % return on investment.

Secure employee devices

Devices present another opportunity for bad actors to infiltrate your organization. Employees may run old operating systems or download vulnerable apps on their personal devices. With Microsoft Endpoint Manager, you can guide employees to keep their devices updated. Conditional Access policies allow you to limit or block access to devices that are unknown or don’t comply with your security policies.

An endpoint detection and response (EDR) solution like Microsoft Defender Advanced Threat Protection (Microsoft Defender ATP) can help you detect attacks and automatically block sophisticated malware. Each Microsoft Defender ATP license covers up to five devices per user.

Discover and manage cloud apps

Cloud apps have proliferated in today’s workplace. They are so easy to use that IT departments are often not aware of which cloud apps their employees access. Microsoft Cloud App Security is a cloud app security broker (CASB) that allows you to discover all the apps used in your network. Cloud App Security’s risk catalog includes over 16,000 apps that are assessed using over 80 risk factors. Once you understand the risk profile of the apps in your network, you can decide whether to allow access, block access, or onboard it on to Azure AD.

Employees are busy in the best of times. Today, with many working from home for the first time—often in a full house—their stress may be compounded. By simplifying the sign-in process and protecting data on apps and devices, Microsoft 356 security solutions like Azure AD, Microsoft Defender ATP, and Cloud App Security, make it easier for employees to work remotely while improving security for the organization.

Digital empathy and Zero Trust are also two of the five security paradigm shifts that will lead to more inclusive user experiences. Next month, I will provide more details about two additional paradigm shifts, the diversity of data, and integrated security solutions.

CTA: To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website.  Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Follow Ann Johnson @ajohnsocyber for Microsoft’s latest cybersecurity investments and @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

The post How do I implement a Zero Trust security model for my Microsoft remote workforce? appeared first on Microsoft Security.

How do I implement a Zero Trust security model for my Microsoft remote workforce?

August 24th, 2020 No comments

Digital empathy should guide your Zero Trust implementation

Zero Trust has always been key to maintaining business continuity. And now, it’s become even more important during the COVID-19 pandemic to helping enable the largest remote workforce in history. While organizations are empowering people to work securely when, where, and how they want, we have found the most successful are the ones who are also empathetic to the end-user experience. At Microsoft, we refer to this approach as digital empathy. As you take steps to protect a mobile workforce, a Zero Trust strategy grounded in digital empathy will help enhance cybersecurity, along with productivity and collaboration too.

This was one of a few important topics that I recently discussed during a cybersecurity fireside chat with industry thought leader, Kelly Bissell, Global Managing Director of Security Accenture. Accenture, one of Microsoft’s most strategic partners, helps clients use Microsoft 365 to implement a Zero Trust strategy that is inclusive of everyone. “How do we make working from home both convenient and secure for employees during this time of constant change and disruption,” has become a common question both Kelly and I hear from organizations as we discuss the challenges of maintaining business continuity while adapting to this new world—and beyond. I encourage everyone to explore these points more deeply by watching my entire conversation with Kelly.

Our long-term Microsoft-Accenture security relationship helps customers navigate the current environment and emerge even stronger as we look past the pandemic. The following are some of the key steps shared during our conversation that you can take to begin applying digital empathy and Zero Trust to your organization.

Protect your identities with Azure Active Directory

Zero Trust is an “assume breach” security posture that treats each request for access as a unique risk to be evaluated and verified. This starts with strong identity authentication. Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) is an identity and secure access management (IAM) solution that you can connect to all your apps including Microsoft apps, non-Microsoft cloud apps, and on-premises apps. Employees sign in once using a single set of credentials, simplifying access. To make it even easier for users, deploy Azure AD solutions like passwordless authentication, which eliminates the need for users to memorize passwords. Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is one of the most important things you can do to help secure employee accounts, so implement MFA for 100 percent of your users, 100 percent of the time.

According to a new Forrester report, The Total Economic Impact™ of Securing Apps with Microsoft Azure Active Directory, customers who secure apps with Microsoft Azure Active Directory can improve user productivity, reduce costs, and gain IT efficiencies to generate a 123 % return on investment.

Secure employee devices

Devices present another opportunity for bad actors to infiltrate your organization. Employees may run old operating systems or download vulnerable apps on their personal devices. With Microsoft Endpoint Manager, you can guide employees to keep their devices updated. Conditional Access policies allow you to limit or block access to devices that are unknown or don’t comply with your security policies.

An endpoint detection and response (EDR) solution like Microsoft Defender Advanced Threat Protection (Microsoft Defender ATP) can help you detect attacks and automatically block sophisticated malware. Each Microsoft Defender ATP license covers up to five devices per user.

Discover and manage cloud apps

Cloud apps have proliferated in today’s workplace. They are so easy to use that IT departments are often not aware of which cloud apps their employees access. Microsoft Cloud App Security is a cloud app security broker (CASB) that allows you to discover all the apps used in your network. Cloud App Security’s risk catalog includes over 16,000 apps that are assessed using over 80 risk factors. Once you understand the risk profile of the apps in your network, you can decide whether to allow access, block access, or onboard it on to Azure AD.

Employees are busy in the best of times. Today, with many working from home for the first time—often in a full house—their stress may be compounded. By simplifying the sign-in process and protecting data on apps and devices, Microsoft 356 security solutions like Azure AD, Microsoft Defender ATP, and Cloud App Security, make it easier for employees to work remotely while improving security for the organization.

Digital empathy and Zero Trust are also two of the five security paradigm shifts that will lead to more inclusive user experiences. Next month, I will provide more details about two additional paradigm shifts, the diversity of data, and integrated security solutions.

CTA: To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website.  Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Follow Ann Johnson @ajohnsocyber for Microsoft’s latest cybersecurity investments and @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

The post How do I implement a Zero Trust security model for my Microsoft remote workforce? appeared first on Microsoft Security.

How do I implement a Zero Trust security model for my Microsoft remote workforce?

August 24th, 2020 No comments

Digital empathy should guide your Zero Trust implementation

Zero Trust has always been key to maintaining business continuity. And now, it’s become even more important during the COVID-19 pandemic to helping enable the largest remote workforce in history. While organizations are empowering people to work securely when, where, and how they want, we have found the most successful are the ones who are also empathetic to the end-user experience. At Microsoft, we refer to this approach as digital empathy. As you take steps to protect a mobile workforce, a Zero Trust strategy grounded in digital empathy will help enhance cybersecurity, along with productivity and collaboration too.

This was one of a few important topics that I recently discussed during a cybersecurity fireside chat with industry thought leader, Kelly Bissell, Global Managing Director of Security Accenture. Accenture, one of Microsoft’s most strategic partners, helps clients use Microsoft 365 to implement a Zero Trust strategy that is inclusive of everyone. “How do we make working from home both convenient and secure for employees during this time of constant change and disruption,” has become a common question both Kelly and I hear from organizations as we discuss the challenges of maintaining business continuity while adapting to this new world—and beyond. I encourage everyone to explore these points more deeply by watching my entire conversation with Kelly.

Our long-term Microsoft-Accenture security relationship helps customers navigate the current environment and emerge even stronger as we look past the pandemic. The following are some of the key steps shared during our conversation that you can take to begin applying digital empathy and Zero Trust to your organization.

Protect your identities with Azure Active Directory

Zero Trust is an “assume breach” security posture that treats each request for access as a unique risk to be evaluated and verified. This starts with strong identity authentication. Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) is an identity and secure access management (IAM) solution that you can connect to all your apps including Microsoft apps, non-Microsoft cloud apps, and on-premises apps. Employees sign in once using a single set of credentials, simplifying access. To make it even easier for users, deploy Azure AD solutions like passwordless authentication, which eliminates the need for users to memorize passwords. Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is one of the most important things you can do to help secure employee accounts, so implement MFA for 100 percent of your users, 100 percent of the time.

According to a new Forrester report, The Total Economic Impact™ of Securing Apps with Microsoft Azure Active Directory, customers who secure apps with Microsoft Azure Active Directory can improve user productivity, reduce costs, and gain IT efficiencies to generate a 123 % return on investment.

Secure employee devices

Devices present another opportunity for bad actors to infiltrate your organization. Employees may run old operating systems or download vulnerable apps on their personal devices. With Microsoft Endpoint Manager, you can guide employees to keep their devices updated. Conditional Access policies allow you to limit or block access to devices that are unknown or don’t comply with your security policies.

An endpoint detection and response (EDR) solution like Microsoft Defender Advanced Threat Protection (Microsoft Defender ATP) can help you detect attacks and automatically block sophisticated malware. Each Microsoft Defender ATP license covers up to five devices per user.

Discover and manage cloud apps

Cloud apps have proliferated in today’s workplace. They are so easy to use that IT departments are often not aware of which cloud apps their employees access. Microsoft Cloud App Security is a cloud app security broker (CASB) that allows you to discover all the apps used in your network. Cloud App Security’s risk catalog includes over 16,000 apps that are assessed using over 80 risk factors. Once you understand the risk profile of the apps in your network, you can decide whether to allow access, block access, or onboard it on to Azure AD.

Employees are busy in the best of times. Today, with many working from home for the first time—often in a full house—their stress may be compounded. By simplifying the sign-in process and protecting data on apps and devices, Microsoft 356 security solutions like Azure AD, Microsoft Defender ATP, and Cloud App Security, make it easier for employees to work remotely while improving security for the organization.

Digital empathy and Zero Trust are also two of the five security paradigm shifts that will lead to more inclusive user experiences. Next month, I will provide more details about two additional paradigm shifts, the diversity of data, and integrated security solutions.

CTA: To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website.  Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Follow Ann Johnson @ajohnsocyber for Microsoft’s latest cybersecurity investments and @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

The post How do I implement a Zero Trust security model for my Microsoft remote workforce? appeared first on Microsoft Security.

How do I implement a Zero Trust security model for my Microsoft remote workforce?

August 24th, 2020 No comments

Digital empathy should guide your Zero Trust implementation

Zero Trust has always been key to maintaining business continuity. And now, it’s become even more important during the COVID-19 pandemic to helping enable the largest remote workforce in history. While organizations are empowering people to work securely when, where, and how they want, we have found the most successful are the ones who are also empathetic to the end-user experience. At Microsoft, we refer to this approach as digital empathy. As you take steps to protect a mobile workforce, a Zero Trust strategy grounded in digital empathy will help enhance cybersecurity, along with productivity and collaboration too.

This was one of a few important topics that I recently discussed during a cybersecurity fireside chat with industry thought leader, Kelly Bissell, Global Managing Director of Security Accenture. Accenture, one of Microsoft’s most strategic partners, helps clients use Microsoft 365 to implement a Zero Trust strategy that is inclusive of everyone. “How do we make working from home both convenient and secure for employees during this time of constant change and disruption,” has become a common question both Kelly and I hear from organizations as we discuss the challenges of maintaining business continuity while adapting to this new world—and beyond. I encourage everyone to explore these points more deeply by watching my entire conversation with Kelly.

Our long-term Microsoft-Accenture security relationship helps customers navigate the current environment and emerge even stronger as we look past the pandemic. The following are some of the key steps shared during our conversation that you can take to begin applying digital empathy and Zero Trust to your organization.

Protect your identities with Azure Active Directory

Zero Trust is an “assume breach” security posture that treats each request for access as a unique risk to be evaluated and verified. This starts with strong identity authentication. Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) is an identity and secure access management (IAM) solution that you can connect to all your apps including Microsoft apps, non-Microsoft cloud apps, and on-premises apps. Employees sign in once using a single set of credentials, simplifying access. To make it even easier for users, deploy Azure AD solutions like passwordless authentication, which eliminates the need for users to memorize passwords. Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is one of the most important things you can do to help secure employee accounts, so implement MFA for 100 percent of your users, 100 percent of the time.

According to a new Forrester report, The Total Economic Impact™ of Securing Apps with Microsoft Azure Active Directory, customers who secure apps with Microsoft Azure Active Directory can improve user productivity, reduce costs, and gain IT efficiencies to generate a 123 % return on investment.

Secure employee devices

Devices present another opportunity for bad actors to infiltrate your organization. Employees may run old operating systems or download vulnerable apps on their personal devices. With Microsoft Endpoint Manager, you can guide employees to keep their devices updated. Conditional Access policies allow you to limit or block access to devices that are unknown or don’t comply with your security policies.

An endpoint detection and response (EDR) solution like Microsoft Defender Advanced Threat Protection (Microsoft Defender ATP) can help you detect attacks and automatically block sophisticated malware. Each Microsoft Defender ATP license covers up to five devices per user.

Discover and manage cloud apps

Cloud apps have proliferated in today’s workplace. They are so easy to use that IT departments are often not aware of which cloud apps their employees access. Microsoft Cloud App Security is a cloud app security broker (CASB) that allows you to discover all the apps used in your network. Cloud App Security’s risk catalog includes over 16,000 apps that are assessed using over 80 risk factors. Once you understand the risk profile of the apps in your network, you can decide whether to allow access, block access, or onboard it on to Azure AD.

Employees are busy in the best of times. Today, with many working from home for the first time—often in a full house—their stress may be compounded. By simplifying the sign-in process and protecting data on apps and devices, Microsoft 356 security solutions like Azure AD, Microsoft Defender ATP, and Cloud App Security, make it easier for employees to work remotely while improving security for the organization.

Digital empathy and Zero Trust are also two of the five security paradigm shifts that will lead to more inclusive user experiences. Next month, I will provide more details about two additional paradigm shifts, the diversity of data, and integrated security solutions.

CTA: To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website.  Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Follow Ann Johnson @ajohnsocyber for Microsoft’s latest cybersecurity investments and @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

The post How do I implement a Zero Trust security model for my Microsoft remote workforce? appeared first on Microsoft Security.

How do I implement a Zero Trust security model for my Microsoft remote workforce?

August 24th, 2020 No comments

Digital empathy should guide your Zero Trust implementation

Zero Trust has always been key to maintaining business continuity. And now, it’s become even more important during the COVID-19 pandemic to helping enable the largest remote workforce in history. While organizations are empowering people to work securely when, where, and how they want, we have found the most successful are the ones who are also empathetic to the end-user experience. At Microsoft, we refer to this approach as digital empathy. As you take steps to protect a mobile workforce, a Zero Trust strategy grounded in digital empathy will help enhance cybersecurity, along with productivity and collaboration too.

This was one of a few important topics that I recently discussed during a cybersecurity fireside chat with industry thought leader, Kelly Bissell, Global Managing Director of Security Accenture. Accenture, one of Microsoft’s most strategic partners, helps clients use Microsoft 365 to implement a Zero Trust strategy that is inclusive of everyone. “How do we make working from home both convenient and secure for employees during this time of constant change and disruption,” has become a common question both Kelly and I hear from organizations as we discuss the challenges of maintaining business continuity while adapting to this new world—and beyond. I encourage everyone to explore these points more deeply by watching my entire conversation with Kelly.

Our long-term Microsoft-Accenture security relationship helps customers navigate the current environment and emerge even stronger as we look past the pandemic. The following are some of the key steps shared during our conversation that you can take to begin applying digital empathy and Zero Trust to your organization.

Protect your identities with Azure Active Directory

Zero Trust is an “assume breach” security posture that treats each request for access as a unique risk to be evaluated and verified. This starts with strong identity authentication. Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) is an identity and secure access management (IAM) solution that you can connect to all your apps including Microsoft apps, non-Microsoft cloud apps, and on-premises apps. Employees sign in once using a single set of credentials, simplifying access. To make it even easier for users, deploy Azure AD solutions like passwordless authentication, which eliminates the need for users to memorize passwords. Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is one of the most important things you can do to help secure employee accounts, so implement MFA for 100 percent of your users, 100 percent of the time.

According to a new Forrester report, The Total Economic Impact™ of Securing Apps with Microsoft Azure Active Directory, customers who secure apps with Microsoft Azure Active Directory can improve user productivity, reduce costs, and gain IT efficiencies to generate a 123 % return on investment.

Secure employee devices

Devices present another opportunity for bad actors to infiltrate your organization. Employees may run old operating systems or download vulnerable apps on their personal devices. With Microsoft Endpoint Manager, you can guide employees to keep their devices updated. Conditional Access policies allow you to limit or block access to devices that are unknown or don’t comply with your security policies.

An endpoint detection and response (EDR) solution like Microsoft Defender Advanced Threat Protection (Microsoft Defender ATP) can help you detect attacks and automatically block sophisticated malware. Each Microsoft Defender ATP license covers up to five devices per user.

Discover and manage cloud apps

Cloud apps have proliferated in today’s workplace. They are so easy to use that IT departments are often not aware of which cloud apps their employees access. Microsoft Cloud App Security is a cloud app security broker (CASB) that allows you to discover all the apps used in your network. Cloud App Security’s risk catalog includes over 16,000 apps that are assessed using over 80 risk factors. Once you understand the risk profile of the apps in your network, you can decide whether to allow access, block access, or onboard it on to Azure AD.

Employees are busy in the best of times. Today, with many working from home for the first time—often in a full house—their stress may be compounded. By simplifying the sign-in process and protecting data on apps and devices, Microsoft 356 security solutions like Azure AD, Microsoft Defender ATP, and Cloud App Security, make it easier for employees to work remotely while improving security for the organization.

Digital empathy and Zero Trust are also two of the five security paradigm shifts that will lead to more inclusive user experiences. Next month, I will provide more details about two additional paradigm shifts, the diversity of data, and integrated security solutions.

CTA: To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website.  Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Follow Ann Johnson @ajohnsocyber for Microsoft’s latest cybersecurity investments and @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

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Microsoft and Corrata integrate to extend cloud app security to mobile endpoints

August 24th, 2020 No comments

This blog post is part of the Microsoft Intelligence Security Association guest blog series. To learn more about MISA, go here.

The growth of mobile and remote work and the emergence of the “post perimeter” world has made keeping track of shadow IT a huge challenge for enterprise IT teams. What makes this problem particularly difficult for infosec teams is a parallel development. Not only are your apps leaving the data-center, but your employees are leaving the building. In the good old days, you might have used firewalls or secure web gateways to give you visibility. On top of that, risky or unsanctioned apps could be blocked with a firewall script or added to a blacklist.

But with employees working from home, the network perimeter has disappeared. In this new world, how can you have any idea what’s going on, let alone impose control?

The growth of SaaS

The rapid adoption of SaaS services has driven cloud computing and digital transformation for many organizations. File storage, CRM, and ERP systems are now commonly delivered on a SaaS basis. Services based on the SaaS model offer fantastic advantages. For a start, they do not require in-house infrastructure. In addition, they have rich out of the box feature sets and deliver across both web and mobile platforms. Finally, their low upfront commitment and automatic version updates make them easy to adopt. Their advantages are endless…

…and of Shadow IT

Research by Microsoft shows that on average enterprises use more than 1,000 SaaS applications and that IT are unaware of more than 60% of these applications (so-called ‘shadow IT’). As a result, corporate data can easily slip beyond the control of the company’s ‘gatekeeper’. Once your CRM is in the cloud, your visibility is limited – it’s more challenging to see when a soon to depart salesperson has downloaded the contact details of your entire customer base. Or, imagine that highly- sensitive network diagrams are leaked online leaving your company vulnerable to spoofing or Man-in-the-Middle attacks.

Discovery and control

It is on foot of these trends that the ability to discover and control cloud app usage across organizations has become critical. New SaaS apps need to be quickly identified and risk assessed. Approved apps can be integrated with existing identity and security processes while risky and unsanctioned apps can be blocked. Robust mechanisms for discovering cloud app usage and blocking unapproved apps are important. Remote and mobile work scenarios present particular challenges because they are beyond the network perimeter. For instance, mobile app usage has doubled since organizations migrated to remote working. As a result, companies have no way of knowing what SaaS services their employees are engaging with. For example, an employee might use unsanctioned cloud storage apps for uploading client data or use unapproved marketing automation tools. This is why cloud app security and visibility is critical.

Why endpoint makes sense

The answer to this is what the industry calls “endpoint cloud application discovery and control”. What does this clunky phrase refer to, you ask? It refers to the use of endpoint security solutions, such as Corrata or Microsoft Defender ATP, to identify cloud app usage and to block risky or unsanctioned apps.

The endpoint security solution collects traffic information to discover what apps are in use, uploading this information to a cloud access security broker (CASB) solution such as Microsoft Cloud App Security. The IT admin uses the CASB portal to specify which apps are to be blocked. The CASB then automatically forwards these instructions to the endpoint security solution which enforces the block on the endpoint.

At Ignite 2019, Microsoft Cloud App Security announced an integration with Microsoft Defender ATP to bring endpoint-based cloud discovery and control to Windows devices. Now Corrata’s integration with Microsoft Cloud App Security means that Microsoft customers can extend the same discovery and control to phones and tablets. This means that you can automatically detect the cloud apps your employees are using on mobile devices and take the appropriate security actions. Namely, Corrata acts as a firewall on your unmanaged mobile and tablet devices.

How does it work?

Corrata and Microsoft have worked together to ensure that the integration of the Corrata solution with Microsoft Cloud App Security is simple and easy to implement.

A graphic showing how Corrata and Microsoft have worked together to ensure that the integration of the Corrata solution with Microsoft Cloud App Security is simple and easy to implement.

Traffic information from smartphones and tablets running Corrata is uploaded for analysis to Microsoft Cloud App Security on a continuous basis. Cloud app usage information collected by Corrata is visible to admins via the Microsoft Cloud App Security console. This provides an integrated view of an organization’s cloud app usage and one-click enforcement of app usage policies across iOS, Android, and Windows devices.

App designated as risky or unsanctioned within the Cloud App Security portal are automatically blocked by Corrata on the mobile endpoint. This capability is delivered using Corrata’s patented SafePathML technology which uses Machine Learning to accurately assess the probability of a domain being unsafe. With SafePathML, Corrata can block threats even before the wider cyber security community has identified them.

If you’re an existing or prospective Corrata or Microsoft Cloud App Security customer, you can learn more here about how to harness the advantages of endpoint-based discovery and control for cloud apps.

Corrata is a member of the Microsoft Intelligent Security Association.

Find the Corrata Microsoft Cloud App Security Solution on the Azure Marketplace here.

To learn more about the Microsoft Intelligent Security Association (MISA) #MISA, visit our website where you can learn more about the MISA program, product integrations, and find MISA members. Visit the video playlist to learn more about the strength of member integrations with Microsoft products.

To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions, visit our website. Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

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Taking Transport Layer Security (TLS) to the next level with TLS 1.3

August 20th, 2020 No comments

Transport Layer Security (TLS) 1.3 is now enabled by default on Windows 10 Insider Preview builds, starting with Build 20170, the first step in a broader rollout to Windows 10 systems. TLS 1.3 is the latest version of the internet’s most deployed security protocol, which encrypts data to provide a secure communication channel between two endpoints. TLS 1.3 eliminates obsolete cryptographic algorithms, enhances security over older versions, and aims to encrypt as much of the handshake as possible.

Security and performance enhancements in TLS 1.3

TLS 1.3 now uses just 3 cipher suites, all with perfect forward secrecy (PFS), authenticated encryption and additional data (AEAD), and modern algorithms. This addresses challenges with the IANA TLS registry defining hundreds of cipher suite code points, which often resulted in uncertain security properties or broken interoperability.

The new TLS version also improves privacy by using a minimal set of cleartext protocol bits on the wire, which helps prevent protocol ossification and will facilitate the deployment of future TLS versions. In addition, in TLS 1.3, content length hiding is enabled by a minimal set of cleartext protocol bits. This means that less user information is visible on the network.

In previous TLS versions, client authentication exposed client identity on the network unless it was accomplished via renegotiation, which entailed extra round trips and CPU costs. In TLS 1.3, client authentication is always confidential.

Integrating your application or service with TLS 1.3 protocol

We highly recommend for developers to start testing TLS 1.3 in their applications and services. The streamlined list of supported cipher suites reduces complexity and guarantees certain security properties, such as forward secrecy (FS). These are the supported cipher suites in Windows TLS stack (Note: TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256 is disabled by default):

  1. TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
  2. TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
  3. TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256

The protocol enables encryption earlier in the handshake, providing better confidentiality and preventing interference from poorly designed middle boxes. TLS 1.3 encrypts the client certificate, so client identity remains private and renegotiation is not required for secure client authentication.

Enabling TLS 1.3

TLS 1.3 is enabled by default in IIS/HTTP.SYS. Microsoft Edge Legacy and Internet Explorer can be configured to enable TLS 1.3 via the Internet options > Advanced settings. (Note: The browser needs to be restarted after TLS 1.3 is enabled.)

Screenshot of Advanced settings tab in Internet options menu, showing TLS 1.3 option

The Chromium-based Microsoft Edge does not use the Windows TLS stack and is configured independently using the Edge://flags dialog.

Security support provider interface (SSPI) callers can use TLS 1.3 by passing the new crypto-agile SCH_CREDENTIALS structure when calling AcquireCredentialsHandle, which will enable TLS 1.3 by default. SSPI callers using TLS 1.3 need to make sure their code correctly handles SEC_I_RENEGOTIATE.

TLS 1.3 support will also be added to .NET beginning with version 5.0.

For more information about TLS 1.3, refer to the Microsoft TLS 1.3 support reference.

 

Sunny Zankharia

Program Manager, Enterprise and OS Security

Andrei Popov

Principal Software Engineer, Enterprise and OS Security

 

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Gartner announces the 2020 Magic Quadrant for Unified Endpoint Management

August 20th, 2020 No comments

I’m excited to announce that, earlier today, Gartner listed Microsoft as a Leader in its 2020 Magic Quadrant for Unified Endpoint Management. You can read the entire report here, and you can see a snapshot of the Magic Quadrant below.

You will note that we improved on both the “Ability to Execute” and “Completeness of Vision” axes.

A major culture principle within the Microsoft Endpoint Manager team has been to place the ultimate measure of value on usage, and we have built our products accordingly. We extend this principle in our belief that customers choose to run their businesses with the products that offer IT the best combination of value and functionality, and provide the organization with the best user experience.

Our desire is to be an organization that constantly listens to and learns from our customers. Our successes are the result of very concrete changes we’ve made to the way we operate. The acceleration of customer value and simpler solutions are the result of very deliberate changes we made in engineering focus and in the things we choose to celebrate. When we stopped celebrating the shipment of a new product and instead started throwing all our energy into supporting our customers’ usage goals, our customers experienced greater value and benefit.

It isn’t about shipping. It isn’t about revenue. It’s usage that will always be the foremost leading indicator of the value for our customers—and it is by making the effort to focus our team on customer usage that enabled us to create and sustain an organization-wide culture that recognizes and rewards the behaviors that guarantee your long-term success.

To be clear, we have always considered Configuration Manager and Intune to be one solution—but we made it official in the last year bringing them together as Microsoft Endpoint Manager.

This made all the difference in our progress with Endpoint Manager reflected in this report. We are innovating faster, we have more customer empathy, and we are delivering more value than ever before to more customers than we ever thought possible.

According to the Gartner report, “Drastic change and a global pandemic marked a tumultuous year in the UEM market. The past 12 months magnified legacy CMT limitations and drove I&O leaders to UEM for reduced complexity, location-agnostic device management, and analytics to track and improve device performance and end-user experience.”

Maximize what you learn from the Magic Quadrant

As you evaluate these conclusions and determine the best course of action for your company, consider what trends and market forces were driving the ultimate conclusions made by Gartner, and superimpose this perspective on the unique needs of your organization.

Also, of course, don’t hesitate to reach out to Microsoft for more information, or, as always, go ahead and reach out to me on Twitter or LinkedIn.

Image of the Magic Quadrant.

Gartner, Magic Quadrant for Unified Endpoint Management, August 11, 2020.

Gartner does not endorse any vendor, product or service depicted in its research publications, and does not advise technology users to select only those vendors with the highest ratings or other designation. Gartner research publications consist of the opinions of Gartner’s research organization and should not be construed as statements of fact. Gartner disclaims all warranties, expressed or implied, with respect to this research, including any warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website. Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity. Follow @MSIntune for the latest news on endpoint management.

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New data from Microsoft shows how the pandemic is accelerating the digital transformation of cyber-security

August 19th, 2020 No comments

An image showing the pandemic's effect on budgets.

The importance of cybersecurity in facilitating productive remote work was a significant catalyst for the two years-worth of digital transformation we observed in the first two months of the COVID-19 pandemic. In this era of ubiquitous computing, security solutions don’t just sniff out threats, they serve as control planes for improving productivity and collaboration by giving end-users easier access to more corporate resources. Microsoft recently concluded a survey of nearly 800 business leaders of companies of more than 500 employees in India (IN), Germany (DE), the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US) to better understand their views of the pandemic threat landscape, implications for budgets and staffing, and how they feel the pandemic could reshape the cyber-security long-term.

Among the key insights are data showing that an alarming number of businesses are still impacted by phishing scams, security budgets, and hiring increased in response to COVID-19, and cloud-based technologies and architectures like Zero Trust are significant areas of investment moving forward.

Improving Productivity & Mitigating Threats

Security and IT teams have been working overtime to meet business goals while simultaneously staying ahead of new threats and scams. “Providing secure remote access to resources, apps, and data” is the #1 challenge reported by security leaders. For many businesses, the limits of the trust model they had been using, which leaned heavily on company-managed devices, physical access to buildings, and limited remote access to select line-of-business apps, got exposed early on in the pandemic. This paradigm shift has been most acute in the limitations of basic username/password authentication. As a result, when asked to identify the top security investment made during the pandemic the top response was Multi-factor authentication (MFA).

An graph of the Top 5 Cybersecurity Investments Since Beginning of Pandemic.

In other ways, pandemic security risks feel all too familiar. Asked to identify their best pre-pandemic security investment, most identified anti-phishing technology.  Microsoft Threat Intelligence teams reported a spike in COVID-19 attacks in early March as cybercriminals applied pandemic themed lures to known scams and malware. Business leaders reported phishing threats as the biggest risk to security in that same timeframe, with 90% of indicating that phishing attacks have impacted their organization. More than half said clicking on phishing emails was the highest risk behavior they observed and a full 28% admitted that attackers had successfully phished their users.  Notably, successful phishing attacks were reported in significantly higher numbers from organizations that described their resources as mostly on-premises (36%) as opposed to being more cloud-based.

A graphic of the prevalence of successful phishing attacks.

An image of prevalence of successful phishing attacks

Security Impacting Budgets and Staffing

The role of security in remote work is having a direct impact on security budgets and staffing in 2020 as businesses scale existing solutions, enabling critical new capabilities like MFA, and implement a Zero Trust strategy. In order to adapt to the many business implications of the pandemic, a majority of business leaders reported budget increases for security (58%) and compliance (65%). At the same time, 81% also report feeling pressure to lower overall security costs.  Business leaders from organizations with resources mostly on-premises are especially likely to feel budget pressure, with roughly 1/3rd feeling ‘very pressured.’

To rein in expenses in the short-term, leaders say they are working to improve integrated threat protection to reduce the risk of costly breaches and acquire security solutions with self-help options for users to drive efficiency. In the longer-term, nearly 40% of businesses say they are prioritizing investments in Cloud Security (Cloud Access Security Broker, Cloud Workload Protection Platform, Cloud Security Posture Management), followed by Data & Information Security (28%) and anti-phishing tools (26%).

A graph of cybersecurity budget changes in response to the pandemic.

Technology alone cannot keep pace with the threats and demands facing businesses and their largely remote workforces. Human security expertise is at a premium with more than 80% of companies adding security professionals in response to COVID-19.

A graph of changes to cybersecurity staffing due to pandemic.

5 Ways the Pandemic is Changing Cybersecurity long-term

The pandemic has accelerated digital transformation is several ways that are likely to change the security paradigm for the foreseeable future.

1. Security has proven to be the foundation for digital empathy in a remote workforce during the pandemic. When billions of people formed the largest remote workforce in history, overnight, teams learned much more than how to scale Virtual Private Networks. Companies were reminded that security technology is fundamentally about improving productivity and collaboration through inclusive end-user experiences. Improving end-user experience and productivity while working remotely is the top priority of security business leaders (41%), with “extend security to more apps for remote work” identified as the most positively received action by users. Not surprisingly, then, “providing secure remote access to resources, apps, and data” is the biggest challenge. For many businesses, the journey begins with MFA adoption.

2. Everyone is on a Zero Trust journey. Zero Trust shifted from an option to a business priority in the early days of the pandemic. In light of the growth in remote work, 51% of business leaders are speeding up the deployment of Zero Trust capabilities. The Zero Trust architecture will eventually become the industry standard, which means everyone is on a Zero Trust journey. That reality is reflected in the numbers like 94% of companies report that they are in the process of deploying new Zero Trust capabilities to some extent.

An graph of the impact of pandemic on organizational view of Zero Trust.

3. Diverse data sets mean better Threat Intelligence. The pandemic illustrated the power and scale of the cloud as Microsoft tracked more than 8 trillion daily threat signals from a diverse set of products, services, and feeds around the globe. A blend of automated tools and human insights helped to identify new COVID-19 themed threats before they reached customers – sometimes in a fraction of a second. In other cases, cloud-based filters and detections alert security teams to suspicious behavior. Not surprisingly, 54% of security leaders reported an increase in phishing attacks since the beginning of the pandemic.

4. Cyber resilience is fundamental to business operations. Cybersecurity provides the underpinning to operationally resiliency as more organizations enable secure remote work options. To maintain cyber resilience, businesses need to regularly evaluate their risk threshold and ability to execute cyber resilience processes through a combination of human efforts and technology products and services. The cloud makes developing a comprehensive Cyber Resilience strategy and preparing for a wide range of contingencies simpler.

More than half of cloud forward and hybrid companies report having cyber-resilience strategy for most risk scenarios compared to 40% of primarily on-premises organization. 19% of companies relying primarily upon on-premises technology do not expect to maintain a documented cyber-resilience plan.

5. The cloud is a security imperative. Where people often thought about security as a solution to deploy on top of existing infrastructure, events like Covid-19 showcase the need for truly integrated security for companies of all sizes. As a result, integrated security solutions are now seen as imperative.

A graph of the top 5 cybersecurity investments through the end of 2020.

These insights from security leaders echo many of the best practices that Microsoft has been sharing with customers and working around the clock to help them implement. The bottom line is that the pandemic is clearly accelerating the digital transformation of cyber-security. Microsoft is here to help.  If any of the insights we’ve shared today resonate with you and your teams, here are a few things you should consider

  • Listen to employees and take steps to build digital empathy. Enabling self-help options is a win-win for end-users and IT.
  • Hire diverse security talent and empower them with great threat intelligence and tools.
  • Embrace the reality that remote work is having a lasting impact on the security paradigm. Lean into the power of the cloud for built-in security spanning endpoints to the cloud.

To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website.  Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

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Control Flow Guard for Clang/LLVM and Rust

August 17th, 2020 No comments

As part of our ongoing efforts towards safer systems programming, we’re pleased to announce that Windows Control Flow Guard (CFG) support is now available in the Clang C/C++ compiler and Rust. What is Control Flow Guard? CFG is a platform security technology designed to enforce control flow integrity. It has been available since Windows 8.1 …

Control Flow Guard for Clang/LLVM and Rust Read More »

The post Control Flow Guard for Clang/LLVM and Rust appeared first on Microsoft Security Response Center.

New Forrester study shows customers who deploy Microsoft Azure AD benefit from 123% ROI.

August 13th, 2020 No comments

Over the past six months, organizations around the world have accelerated digital transformation efforts to rapidly enable a remote workforce. As more employees than ever access apps via their home networks, the corporate network perimeter has truly disappeared, making identity the control plane for effective and secure access across all users and digital resources.

Businesses have responded to the pandemic by increasing budgets, adding staff, and accelerating deployment of cloud-based security technologies to stay ahead of phishing scams and to enable Zero Trust architectures. But the pressure to reduce costs is also real. Given COVID-19 and uncertain economic conditions, many of you are prioritizing security investments. But how should you allocate them? According to a new study, The Total Economic Impact™ of Securing Apps with Microsoft Azure Active Directory, investing in identity can not only help you accelerate your Zero Trust journey, it can also save you money and deliver more value. In this commissioned study, Forrester Consulting interviewed four customers in different industries who have used Azure AD for years. Forrester used these interviews to develop a composite organization. They found that customers securing apps with Azure AD can benefit from a 123 percent return on investment over three years in a payback period of six months.

An image showing the total econmic impact of securing apps with Microsoft Azure AD.

The customers interviewed improved user productivity, reduced costs, and gained IT efficiencies in the following areas[1]:

Increased worker productivity with secure and seamless access to all apps

Employees expect to collaborate on any project from anywhere using any app—especially now, when so many are working from home. But they find signing into multiple applications throughout the day frustrating and time-consuming. When you connect all your apps to Azure AD, employees sign in once using single sign-on (SSO). From there, they can easily access Microsoft apps like Microsoft Teams, software as a service (SaaS) apps like Box, on-premises apps like SAP Hana, and various custom line-of-business apps. Forrester estimates that consolidating to a single identity and access management solution and providing one set of credentials saves each employee 10 minutes a week on average, valued at USD 7.1 million over three years.

“Our CIO really didn’t like that anybody onboarding with our company was receiving—and this is not an exaggeration—two dozen credentials. In the executive branch, they took up to two weeks to get a new hire on their feet.” –Director of workplace technology, Electronics

Reduced costs by reducing the risk of a data breach

A data breach can be incredibly expensive for victims, who must recover not only their environments but also their reputations. Breaches often start with a compromised account, which is why it’s so important to protect your identities.

With Azure AD, you can secure all your applications and make it harder for attackers to acquire and use stolen credentials. You can ban common passwords, block legacy authentication, and protect your privileged identities. You can implement adaptive risk-based policies and enforce multi-factor authentication to ensure that only the right users have the right access. Forrester found that using these Azure AD features can help organizations reduce the risk of a data breach, saving them an estimated USD 2.2 million over a three-year period.

“Conditional Access was non-negotiable as we moved to the cloud. We had to be able to apply policies that scoped applications, users, devices, and risk states. You can’t let a compromised user walk into a cloud app anymore. It’s unacceptable.” –Information security services, manufacturing

Empowered workers to reset their own passwords

If you have a help desk, your employees likely make thousands of password reset requests per month. Locked out users can’t be productive, and their pleas for help eat up valuable time help desk workers could spend on other priority tasks. One organization told Forrester it costs them between USD500,000 and USD700,000 per year just to reset passwords.

With Azure AD Self-Service Password Reset, employees can reset their own passwords without help desk intervention. Forrester estimates that with this feature, customers can decrease the number of password reset calls per month by 75 percent, yielding a three-year adjusted present value of USD 1.7 million.

Unlocked efficiency gains by consolidating their identity infrastructure

Many enterprises use several solutions to manage identity and access management: an on-premises solution for legacy applications, a SaaS-based solution for modern cloud applications, and Azure AD for Microsoft applications. Maintaining this complex infrastructure requires multiple servers and licenses, not to mention people who understand the various systems. Migrating authentication for all your apps to Azure AD can significantly reduce hardware and licensing fees. Forrester estimates savings at a three-year adjusted present value of USD 1.9 million.

Consolidating your identity infrastructure to Azure AD gives you the benefits of cloud-based identity and access management solutions and frees your team to focus on other priorities. IT and identity teams in the study reduced time and effort spent provisioning/deprovisioning accounts, integrating new applications, and addressing issues related to IAM infrastructure. They also experienced less system downtime. Forrester estimated the value of IT efficiency gains at USD 3.0 million over three years.

Integrating with Azure AD also benefits software vendors

As part of the TEI, Forrester interviewed two Independent Software Vendors (ISVs), Zscaler and Workplace from Facebook. They documented their findings in the spotlight, Software Vendors Boost Adoption by Integrating Their Apps with Microsoft Azure Active Directory. Integrating their applications with Azure AD helped the two ISVs interviewed accelerate their sales cycles, as well as product adoption. Seamless integration with Azure AD helps ISVs reach the more than 200,000 organizations that use Azure AD. ISVs can easily give their customers and prospects single sign-on, automated user provisioning, and enhanced security through the security features built into Azure AD, while focusing their energies on enhancing their own solution.

“There is a shorter sales cycle for our platform. Many of our customers are already AD FS-based users, and our integration with Azure AD makes the case for our services that much more compelling. It also allows us to be more agile in helping customers get things implemented more quickly. Essentially, there’re fewer barriers to entry for customers.” – Vice President, product management, Zscaler

“We have a strong mutual customer base with Microsoft, which is why we’ve built such a great partnership with them over the years. Obviously, Azure AD is widely used by our customers, so it makes sense to leverage it.” – Platform Partnerships Manager, Workplace from Facebook

Learn more

COVID-19 has ushered in a new normal of remote work and conservative budgets, but that doesn’t mean you have to sacrifice security or the user experience. By integrating all your apps with Azure AD you can add value—like giving your employees a more convenient and secure work from home experience—while preserving valuable resources.

Find out how Azure AD can help secure all your apps and read the full Forrester Consulting study, The Total Economic Impact™ of securing apps with Microsoft Azure Active Directory and Software vendors boost adoption by integrating their apps with Microsoft Azure Active spotlight.

To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website. Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

[1] Forrester based all savings estimates on the composite organization developed for its TEI study.

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Microsoft Office 365—Do you have a false sense of cloud security?

August 11th, 2020 No comments

Through difficult times, some adversaries will find opportunities and COVID-19 has proven to be a ripe opportunity for them to target a new, expanding, remote workforce. While these threats morph and evolve, Microsoft’s Detection and Response Team (DART) finds ways to endure and help organizations become more resilient

Cloud environments are continuously being put to the test during this challenging period. DART has seen various security configurations in our customers’ cloud tenants. The one commonality:  administrators flip the switch on a few security tasks without genuinely understanding the process and procedures needed to ensure everything works as designed and consequently create gaps in defenses and opportunities for attackers to circumvent security controls. When it comes to defense-in-depth, these controls must work in concert with one another.

Three measures you should employ to improve the security of your cloud environment

This post describes three security measures you should employ for your Azure AD/Office 365 environment when first setting up a new tenant, or when tightening the reins on a well-established tenant.

  1. Create an emergency Global Administration account.
  2. Enable Multi-factor Authentication (MFA).
  3. Block legacy authentication.

1. Create an emergency Global Administrator account

An emergency Global Administrator account, also known as a “Break Glass Account”, is critical to the overall security posture of your tenant, and it prevents you from being accidentally locked out of your Azure Active Directory (Azure AD). Think about the consequences of your administrators getting locked out; you cannot sign in, activate users, assign licenses, or validate the actions happening in your tenant. Emergency access accounts are highly privileged and not assigned to specific users. These accounts must be excluded from your current security controls, and must have compensatory controls. These controls might include the following:

  • Only allowing the “Break Glass Account” to log in from a particular IP address range.
  • Implementing detection controls like enhanced alerting and/or monitoring the use of these accounts.

Use of emergency access accounts should be limited to true emergencies, when standard administrative accounts cannot be used. For detailed information, please see  https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/users-groups-roles/directory-emergency-access.

2. Enable Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA)

Enabling MFA seems straightforward, right? Sadly, even today, it isn’t. You allow the Conditional Access Policy for the enablement of MFA, but for the sake of convenience,  permit exclusions to these policies, such as not enabling MFA for the Global Administrators or any of the other O365 workload (Exchange, SharePoint, OneDrive) Administrators and continue to enable Basic/Legacy Authentication. As a result, you now host an ineffective policy that puts your organization at tremendous risk. For detailed information, please see  https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/authentication/tutorial-enable-azure-mfa.

Real-World Scenario—A large company enabled MFA for all global administrators. Unbeknownst to the rest of the team, a user modified the policy to exclude a global administrator account. This user’s act put the company at considerable risk; the account was eventually compromised using a trivial Password Spray attack. It is bad enough when a standard user with no elevated privileges is compromised— Global Administrator accounts have access to all of Azure AD and Office 365, so when this account was affected, the organization’s entire tenant was compromised. Monitoring and alerting for the implementation of persistence mechanisms, such as the creation of a new mailbox forwarding rule, would have also triggered a security alert and a full incident response investigation of the modified tenant. This incident also could have been easily avoided by merely monitoring and alerting for the creation of Global Administrator accounts and any changes to these accounts. The threat actor has leveraged all these techniques to essentially gain and maintain access to the organization’s tenant to achieve their mission objective for data exposure and exfiltration.

3. Block Legacy Authentication

Legacy authentication refers to protocols that use basic authentication, such as Exchange Web Services (EWS), POP, SMTP, IMAP, and MAPI. These protocols cannot enforce any type of second-factor authentication (e.g., MFA), which makes them a popular entry point for bad actors. As such, for MFA to be useful, you also need to block legacy authentication.

There are still risks once you’ve disabled legacy authentication and enabled MFA. From an operational standpoint, understanding the implications of disabling legacy authentication is critical. You could disrupt essential workflows and disrupt access to applications not written to support modern authentication (including dated Outlook clients).

So, what can you do? Identify which users and applications are currently using legacy authentication in your tenant via Azure AD Sign-in logs. Configure exclusions for applications that cannot be modified to support modern authentication. Also, ensure you configure the policies granularly for more robust security configurations, such as only allowing specific users and a particular IP range to use legacy authentication. This way, you can make access to legacy authentication more stringent where you must use it, and you can block legacy authentication in other scenarios. Configure your conditional access policy to be in a report-only mode to ensure you understand what will happen when you flip on the policy. For more information, please see https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/conditional-access/block-legacy-authentication.

Bricks laid, next: the mortar

There is a multitude of adversary tactics and techniques for the infiltration of a cloud environment. Based on DART’s observations from the frontlines, implementing these three security controls will help ensure the front and back doors to your organization’s cloud environment remain locked. DART recommends assessing these vulnerability points regularly so that when a real threat strikes, your defense-in-depth approach of technical controls, detection-in-depth, and monitoring and alerts will prepare your staff to jump into action quickly.

In an upcoming blog post, we’ll dive into what we like to call the “Easy Button” approach to security defaults. These pre-configured security settings help defend your organization against frequent identity-related attacks, such as password spray, replay, and phishing, and provide additional mortar towards the security foundation of your cloud environment.

Want to learn more about DART (Detection and Response Team)? Read our past blog posts here.

To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website.  Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

The post Microsoft Office 365—Do you have a false sense of cloud security? appeared first on Microsoft Security.

Microsoft Office 365—Do you have a false sense of cloud security?

August 11th, 2020 No comments

Through difficult times, some adversaries will find opportunities and COVID-19 has proven to be a ripe opportunity for them to target a new, expanding, remote workforce. While these threats morph and evolve, Microsoft’s Detection and Response Team (DART) finds ways to endure and help organizations become more resilient

Cloud environments are continuously being put to the test during this challenging period. DART has seen various security configurations in our customers’ cloud tenants. The one commonality:  administrators flip the switch on a few security tasks without genuinely understanding the process and procedures needed to ensure everything works as designed and consequently create gaps in defenses and opportunities for attackers to circumvent security controls. When it comes to defense-in-depth, these controls must work in concert with one another.

Three measures you should employ to improve the security of your cloud environment

This post describes three security measures you should employ for your Azure AD/Office 365 environment when first setting up a new tenant, or when tightening the reins on a well-established tenant.

  1. Create an emergency Global Administration account.
  2. Enable Multi-factor Authentication (MFA).
  3. Block legacy authentication.

1. Create an emergency Global Administrator account

An emergency Global Administrator account, also known as a “Break Glass Account”, is critical to the overall security posture of your tenant, and it prevents you from being accidentally locked out of your Azure Active Directory (Azure AD). Think about the consequences of your administrators getting locked out; you cannot sign in, activate users, assign licenses, or validate the actions happening in your tenant. Emergency access accounts are highly privileged and not assigned to specific users. These accounts must be excluded from your current security controls, and must have compensatory controls. These controls might include the following:

  • Only allowing the “Break Glass Account” to log in from a particular IP address range.
  • Implementing detection controls like enhanced alerting and/or monitoring the use of these accounts.

Use of emergency access accounts should be limited to true emergencies, when standard administrative accounts cannot be used. For detailed information, please see  https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/users-groups-roles/directory-emergency-access.

2. Enable Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA)

Enabling MFA seems straightforward, right? Sadly, even today, it isn’t. You allow the Conditional Access Policy for the enablement of MFA, but for the sake of convenience,  permit exclusions to these policies, such as not enabling MFA for the Global Administrators or any of the other O365 workload (Exchange, SharePoint, OneDrive) Administrators and continue to enable Basic/Legacy Authentication. As a result, you now host an ineffective policy that puts your organization at tremendous risk. For detailed information, please see  https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/authentication/tutorial-enable-azure-mfa.

Real-World Scenario—A large company enabled MFA for all global administrators. Unbeknownst to the rest of the team, a user modified the policy to exclude a global administrator account. This user’s act put the company at considerable risk; the account was eventually compromised using a trivial Password Spray attack. It is bad enough when a standard user with no elevated privileges is compromised— Global Administrator accounts have access to all of Azure AD and Office 365, so when this account was affected, the organization’s entire tenant was compromised. Monitoring and alerting for the implementation of persistence mechanisms, such as the creation of a new mailbox forwarding rule, would have also triggered a security alert and a full incident response investigation of the modified tenant. This incident also could have been easily avoided by merely monitoring and alerting for the creation of Global Administrator accounts and any changes to these accounts. The threat actor has leveraged all these techniques to essentially gain and maintain access to the organization’s tenant to achieve their mission objective for data exposure and exfiltration.

3. Block Legacy Authentication

Legacy authentication refers to protocols that use basic authentication, such as Exchange Web Services (EWS), POP, SMTP, IMAP, and MAPI. These protocols cannot enforce any type of second-factor authentication (e.g., MFA), which makes them a popular entry point for bad actors. As such, for MFA to be useful, you also need to block legacy authentication.

There are still risks once you’ve disabled legacy authentication and enabled MFA. From an operational standpoint, understanding the implications of disabling legacy authentication is critical. You could disrupt essential workflows and disrupt access to applications not written to support modern authentication (including dated Outlook clients).

So, what can you do? Identify which users and applications are currently using legacy authentication in your tenant via Azure AD Sign-in logs. Configure exclusions for applications that cannot be modified to support modern authentication. Also, ensure you configure the policies granularly for more robust security configurations, such as only allowing specific users and a particular IP range to use legacy authentication. This way, you can make access to legacy authentication more stringent where you must use it, and you can block legacy authentication in other scenarios. Configure your conditional access policy to be in a report-only mode to ensure you understand what will happen when you flip on the policy. For more information, please see https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/conditional-access/block-legacy-authentication.

Bricks laid, next: the mortar

There is a multitude of adversary tactics and techniques for the infiltration of a cloud environment. Based on DART’s observations from the frontlines, implementing these three security controls will help ensure the front and back doors to your organization’s cloud environment remain locked. DART recommends assessing these vulnerability points regularly so that when a real threat strikes, your defense-in-depth approach of technical controls, detection-in-depth, and monitoring and alerts will prepare your staff to jump into action quickly.

In an upcoming blog post, we’ll dive into what we like to call the “Easy Button” approach to security defaults. These pre-configured security settings help defend your organization against frequent identity-related attacks, such as password spray, replay, and phishing, and provide additional mortar towards the security foundation of your cloud environment.

Want to learn more about DART (Detection and Response Team)? Read our past blog posts here.

To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website.  Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

The post Microsoft Office 365—Do you have a false sense of cloud security? appeared first on Microsoft Security.

How to organize your security team: The evolution of cybersecurity roles and responsibilities

August 6th, 2020 No comments

Digital transformation, cloud computing, and a sophisticated threat landscape are forcing everyone to rethink the functions of each role on their security teams, from Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) to practitioners.

With billions of people around the globe working from home, changes to the daily practice of cybersecurity are accelerating. Organizations are shifting from defending a traditional network perimeter (keeping business assets in a safe place) to more effective zero trust strategies (protect users, data, and business assets where they are). This transformation brings technology changes and also opens up questions of what people’s roles and responsibilities will look like in this new world.

At the same time, continuous delivery models are requiring security teams to engage more closely during business planning and application development to effectively manage cyber risks (vs. the traditional ‘arms-length’ security approaches). This requires security professionals to better understand the business context and to collaborate more closely with stakeholders outside of security.

In this new world, traditional job descriptions and security tools won’t set your team up for success. Leaders must create role clarity in this transformation to help their teams navigate uncertainty. This will reduce distractions and stress, as well as help people focus on the important tasks that make the whole team shine.

While each organization and each person will have a unique journey, we have seen common patterns for successfully transforming roles and responsibilities. To help security leaders and practitioners plan for this transformation, Microsoft has defined common security functions, how they are evolving, and key relationships. In this blog, we’ll provide a summary of our recommendations to help you get started.

Security roles must evolve to confront today’s challenges

Security functions represent the human portion of a cybersecurity system. They are the tasks and duties that members of your team perform to help secure the organization. Depending on your company size and culture, individuals may be responsible for a single function or multiple functions; in some cases, multiple people might be assigned to a single function as a team.

High performing security teams understand their individual roles, but also see themselves as a larger team working together to defend against adversaries (see Figure 1). The following functions represent a fully populated enterprise security team, which may be aspirational for some organizations. Organizations often need to prioritize where to invest first based on their risk profile, available resources, and needs.

An image showing each function works as part of a whole security team, within the organization, which is part of a larger security community defending against the same adversaries.

Figure 1: Each function works as part of a whole security team within the organization, which is part of a larger security community defending against the same adversaries.

Policy and standards

This team develops, approves, and publishes security policy and standards to guide security decisions within the organization and inspire change. This team must take into account cloud platforms, DevOps processes and tools, and relevant regulations, among other factors. Read more about security policy and standards function.

Security operations center (SOC)

A security operations center (SOC) detects, responds to, and remediates active attacks on enterprise assets. SOCs are currently undergoing significant change, including an elevation of the function to business risk management, changes in the types of metrics tracked, new technologies, and a greater emphasis on threat hunting. Read more about the SOC function.

Security architecture

Security architecture translates the organization’s business and assurance goals into a security vision, providing documentation and diagrams to guide technical security decisions. A modern architecture function needs to consider continuous delivery, identity-centric security solutions for cloud assets, cloud-based security solutions, and more. Read more about the security architecture function.

Security compliance management

The objective of cloud security compliance management is to ensure that the organization is compliant with regulatory requirements and internal policies. As you modernize this function, consider the role that cloud providers play in compliance status, how you link compliance to risk management, and cloud-based compliance tools. Read more about the security compliance management function.

People security

People security protects the organization from inadvertent human mistakes and malicious insider actions. The cloud and changing threat landscape require this function to consider how to effectively engage employees in security, organizational culture change, and identification of insider threats. Read more about the people security function.

Application security and DevSecOps

The objective of application security and DevSecOps is to integrate security assurances into development processes and custom line of business applications.

Cloud services and APIs have enabled a faster delivery cadence and influenced the creation of the DevOps team model, driving a number of changes. The biggest change we see is the integration of security into the development process, which requires culture and process adjustments as each specialty adopt the best of each other’s culture. This function must also adopt an agile mindset and stay up to date on new tools and technologies. Read more about the application security and DevSecOps function.

Data security

The main objective for a data security team is to provide security protections and monitoring for sensitive enterprise data in any format or location. New regulations and data loss prevention models are influencing the evolution of this function, and the sheer volume of data being stored on numerous devices and cloud services has also had a significant impact. Read more about the data security function.

Infrastructure and endpoint security

The infrastructure and endpoint security function is responsible for security protection to the data center infrastructure, network components, and user endpoint devices. Software-defined datacenters and other cloud technologies are helping solve longstanding data center security challenges, and cloud services are transforming the security of user endpoint devices. Read more about the infrastructure and endpoint security function.

Identity and keys

The main objective of a security team working on identity management, is to provide authentication and authorization of humans, services, devices, and applications. Key and certification management provides secure distribution and access to key material for cryptographic operations (which often support similar outcomes as identity management).

One of the big changes is that identity and key/certification management disciplines are coming closer together as they both provide assurances on the identity of entities and enable secure communications. This function also plays a significant role in modernizing security by establishing an identity-based perimeter that is a keystone of a zero-trust access control strategy. Read more about the identity and keys function.

Threat intelligence

Security threat intelligence provides context and actionable insights on active attacks and potential threats to empower organizational leaders and security teams to make better (data-driven) decisions. Threat intelligence usually grows from a technical scope into servicing the larger organization with strategic, tactical, and operational (technical) threat intelligence. Read more about the threat intelligence function.

Posture management

Posture management builds on existing functions like vulnerability management and focuses on continuously monitoring and improving the security posture of the organization. Posture management is typically one of the largest changes because it supports decisions in many other functions using information that only recently became available because of the heavy instrumentation of cloud technology. This function includes zero-trust based access controls, real-time risk scoring, threat and vulnerability management, and threat modeling, among others. Read more about the posture management function.

Incident preparation

The primary objective for the incident preparation function is to build process maturity and muscle memory for responding to major incidents throughout the organization, including security teams, executive leadership, and many others outside of security. These practice exercises have become powerful tools to ensure stakeholders are informed and familiar with their role in a major security incident. Read more about the incident preparation function.

Looking forward

In the beginning of the journey, clarity is critical to shine a light on the path forward and the journey ahead. As you walk the path, healthy doses of empathy and continuous learning are key to maintaining forward momentum. Organizations should invest in both formal training and supporting self-directed exploration to ensure people get the knowledge they need and have the confidence to take the risks required to transform.

In addition to the cloud security functions guidance, Microsoft has also invested in training and documentation to help with your journey—see the CISO Workshop, Microsoft Security Best Practices,  recommendations for defining a security strategy, and security documentation site.

To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website.  Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

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Zero Trust: From security option to business imperative overnight

August 6th, 2020 No comments

Not long ago when I spoke with customers about Zero Trust, our conversations focused on discussing the principles, defining scope, or sharing our own IT organization’s journey. Zero Trust was something interesting to learn about, and most organizations were very much in the exploratory phase. As COVID-19 forced organizations across the world to send their workforce home, organizations rapidly focused on Zero Trust approaches to alleviate challenges of enabling and securing remote work. Using Zero Trust to secure users, data, and devices (wherever they may be) has changed from optional to a business imperative overnight.

Companies found that traditional security models required bringing users and data to ‘safe’ network places, which doesn’t scale and doesn’t provide the needed visibility. Employees are getting their work done any way they can– using personal devices, sharing data through new services, and collaborating outside the confines of traditional protections of the corporate network. Earlier adopters of Zero Trust approaches were able to adapt quickly, but many others instantly faced an expanded attack surface area and new security challenges they were not fully prepared for.

At Microsoft, we have been helping customers navigate these challenges by sharing our learnings and building controls, tools, and practices to enable daily application of Zero Trust principles. We have been focusing on providing organization quick wins that close critical gaps today and laying a strong foundation of Zero Trust expertise and technology to build on in the future.

Today and in my presentation at Blackhat 2020, I’d like to share some insights we’ve learned through this journey to help you with yours:

1. Start with strong authentication

Many customers I meet with share that trying to figure out where to start their Zero Trust journey is a major challenge. I always recommend starting with multi-factor authentication (MFA). Verifying a user’s identity with strong authentication before granting them access to corporate resources is the most effective step to quickly improve security. Our studies have shown that accounts secured with MFA are 99.9% less likely to be compromised. Strong authentication not strengthens your overall security posture and minimizes risk, it lays a strong foundation to build on—such as securely connecting employees to apps with single sign-on (SSO) experiences, controlling access to resources with adaptive access policies, and more.

2. Endpoint visibility is critical and getting more challenging

In a Zero Trust security model, we want to have visibility into any and all endpoints accessing the corporate network so we can only allow healthy and compliant devices to access corporate resources. Device security posture and compliance should be used in your access policies to restrict access from vulnerable and compromised devices. This not only helps strengthen security and minimize risk, but also enables you to improve your employees’ productivity by supporting more device types and experiences. In a recent Microsoft study, more than 50% of organizations reported seeing a greater variety of endpoint platforms because of supporting remote work.

3. Apps and data are primary attack surfaces

With employees increasingly accessing corporate data on new devices and collaborating in new ways, most security teams are seeing that their application and data security tools aren’t giving them the visibility and control they need. This de facto expansion of the enterprise attack surface makes it critical to discover the cloud apps in use, assess them for risk, and apply policy controls to ensure that data isn’t leaking through these applications. Finally, make sure the sensitive data in these apps is protected wherever it travels or lives by automatically classifying, labeling, and applying protection to files.

3. Integrated solutions are more critical than ever

CISOs reported in a recent Microsoft study that Threat Protection is now a higher priority for them. With an increasing attack surface area and velocity, integrated threat protection solutions can now share signals across detection, prevention, investigation, and response. While most organizations already use threat protection tools, most don’t share signals or support end-to-end workflows. Because most attacks involve multiple users, endpoints, app, data, and networks, it’s imperative for tools to work together to deliver streamlined experience and end-to-end automation. Look for opportunities to integrate your threat protection solutions to remove manual tasks, process friction, and the morael issues they generate.

5. Zero Trust improves end-user experience

Security leaders are often challenged to balance security and a more streamlined end-user experience. Fortunately, Zero Trust enables both at the same time because security is built around the users and business assets, rather than the other way around. Instead of users signing in multiple times, dealing with VPN bandwidth constraints, and working only from corporate devices, Zero Trust enables users to access their content and apps from virtually any device and location securely.

To listen to my presentation on Zero Trust at Blackhat register here. Check out the Microsoft Zero Trust Maturity Model vision paper (click to download) detailing the core principles of Zero Trust, and our maturity model, which breaks down the top-level requirements across each of the six foundational elements.

We’re also publishing deployment guides for each of the foundational elements.  Read the latest guides for IdentitiesDevices, and Networking. Look out for additional guides in the Microsoft Security blog.

Learn more about Zero Trust and Microsoft Security.

Also, bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. And follow us at @MSFTSecurityfor the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

 

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Afternoon Cyber Tea: Revisiting social engineering: The human threat to cybersecurity

August 5th, 2020 No comments

Most of us know ‘Improv’ through film, theatre, music or even live comedy. It may surprise you to learn that the skills required for improvisational performance art, can also make you a good hacker? In cybersecurity, while quite a bit of focus is on the technology that our adversaries use, we must not forget that most cybersecurity attacks start with a non-technical, social engineering campaign—and they can be incredibly sophisticated. It is how attackers were able to pivot quickly and leverage COVID themed lures wreak havoc during the onset of the global pandemic. To dig into how social attacks like these are executed, and why they work time and again, I spoke with Rachel Tobac on a recent episode Afternoon Cyber Tea with Ann Johnson.

Rachel Tobac is the CEO of SocialProof Security and a white-hat hacker, who advises organizations on how to harden their defenses against social engineering. Her study of neuroscience and Improv have given her deep insight into how bad actors use social psychology to convince people to break policy. I really appreciate how she is able to break down the steps in a typical social engineering campaign to illustrate how people get tricked.

In our conversation, we also talked about why not all social engineering campaigns feel “phishy.” Hackers are so good at doing research and building rapport that the interaction often feels legitimate to their targets. However, there are techniques you can use, like multi-factor authentication and two-factor communication, to reduce your risk. We also discussed emerging threats, like deep fake videos, attacks on critical infrastructure, and how social engineering techniques could be used against driverless cars. To learn why you should take social engineering seriously and how to protect your organization, listen to Afternoon Cyber Tea with Ann Johnson: Revisiting social engineering: The human threat to cybersecurity on Apple Podcasts or Podcast One.

What’s next

In this important cyber series, I talk with cybersecurity influencers about trends shaping the threat landscape and explore the risk and promise of systems powered by AI, Internet of Things (IoT), and other emerging tech.

You can listen to Afternoon Cyber Tea with Ann Johnson on:

  • Apple Podcasts — You can also download the episode by clicking the Episode Website link.
  • Podcast One — Includes the option to subscribe, so you’re notified as soon as new episodes are available.
  • CISO Spotlight page — Listen alongside our CISO Spotlight episodes, where customers and security experts discuss similar topics such as Zero Trust, compliance, going passwordless, and more.

To find out more information on Microsoft Security Solutions visit our website. In the meantime, bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity. Or reach out to me on LinkedIn or Twitter if you have guest or topic suggestions.

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Associate Microsoft and Pradeo to manage and secure Android Enterprise mobile devices

August 5th, 2020 No comments

Want to learn more on how Android Enterprise works with existing mobility management and security solutions? This article will explain how Android Enterprise fits in a standard mobile ecosystem made of Microsoft Endpoint Manager solution and Pradeo Security Mobile Threat Defense.

Android Enterprise arrived like a call to action in the era of mobility. Even though it has its roots in Android 5.0 (Lollipop) launched in 2014, it comes now as a mandatory feature on all Android 10 devices when managed with an Enterprise Mobility Management solution.

Android Enterprise integrates smoothly into Microsoft Endpoint Manager to empower its capabilities and complements with Pradeo Security Mobile Threat Defense to ensure a full real-time protection.

To get a clear understanding on what to expect from Android Enterprise, we will firstly detail its DNA to then extend to its complementariness into the mobile landscape.

The homogenization of management capabilities as Android Enterprise DNA

To interact with devices, Unified Endpoint Management (UEM) solutions used to rely on manufacturers APIs implemented on top of the Android system and bringing a lot of inconsistency from one device to another. To reduce the hassle, Google created a native bundle of APIs enabled for all Android devices, regardless of the manufacturer. This homogenization of management across devices comes along with two key benefits being the creation of a containerized work/personal profile on the device and a managed Google Play store with work-approved applications.

Let’s dive a bit more into the different setup modes of work and personal profiles.

An image for the different setup modes of work and personal profiles.

The first mode from left to right called “BYOD” (acronym for Bring Your Own Device) refers to devices personally owned by the collaborators, but which are also used in a corporate context. The core principle in this configuration is that the device is not managed by the company and a containerized area is created for work activities (files, applications…). Therefore, the personal environment masters the device and the company only has control over the work profile.

The second hybrid mode takes the opposing view to BYOD configuration. Here, the work profile masters the whole device and the work/life separation lies in a personal sub-area. This configuration is usually known as COPE standing for Corporate Owned Personally Enabled.

In both COPE and BYOD modes, the separation consists in isolating work/life files, applications, and resources (messages, contacts, call logs…).

The Corporate Owned Business Only (COBO) configuration depicts a device fully managed by the company and strictly aimed for work. Thus, there is no dedicated area for personal activities and the enterprise has a complete view on the device.

Lastly, kiosk-managed devices also referred as COSU (Corporate Owned/Single Use) stick to COBO configuration where the work profile is locked down to only enable a targeted usage.

With these four specific types of configuration, organizations are free to have more or less control over the user device. With an ever-growing BYOD landscape, companies can decide to let employees work on their personal devices, while still having control over the work profile.

Ultimately, this containerization capability, already available in UEMs for some time, simplifies and unifies Android management but doesn’t really add a structuring security piece. At the same time, the managed Google Play store reflects the legacy mobile application management functionality delivered by UEMs.

Therefore, when implementing Microsoft Endpoint Point Manager, administrators will have to determine in which mode they will manage their corporate fleet. To add a layer of security on top of the combo Android Enterprise/Microsoft Endpoint Manager, they will have to pair it with a security layer like Pradeo Security Mobile Threat Defense.

Additional security awareness

Setting up a work/life separation as a data privacy measure adds an extra level of security. This should not be considered as a security gate. The exposure of corporate data through various setup modes needs extra consideration.

Network and device criteria apply for the entire device and a Man-In-The-Middle threat or a root/jailbreak exploit will injure the work profile the same way. Looking at applications, if validating the security level of applications prior to their distribution to the work area is a must-have, the assessment of on-device applications is not to forget. By downloading an application from the store either on the work or personal profile, corporate data are exposed to malware (screen logger, keylogger…) and intrusive or leaky applications (e.g.: exfiltrating contacts…) that could hit from one profile to the other.

In sum, the same security posture requires to be taken to protect Android Enterprise mobile devices as any other device.

Associate Microsoft and Pradeo to manage and secure Android Enterprise mobile devices

Pradeo and Microsoft’s long-lasting partnership aims at bringing security on top of devices management and fully applies in an Android Enterprise environment. The collaboration between the companies covers the two following use cases:

  • Agentless application vetting: Pradeo Security solution directly plugs in Microsoft Endpoint Manager (including Microsoft Intune) to retrieve the list of applications installed on the fleet and assess the security level of devices.
  • On-device security: the installation of the Pradeo Security agent on devices provides a 360° security coverage and real-time remediation.

Android Enterprise represents a core add-on to the Android framework homogenizing the management of devices across manufacturers and concretizing the undeniable work/life hybrid usage. If Android Enterprise capabilities draw the path of device administration, it does not however provide corporate tailored security, and this is the pitfall to be avoided when implementing it. Like any other device (Android, iOS), Android Enterprise must fall under the company security policy and benefit from real-time threat defense to ensure the protection of corporate data. Microsoft and Pradeo combine their capabilities to provide a thorough and dynamic security posture to Microsoft Endpoint Manager users and protect all the devices of the mobile fleet.

To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions visit our website. Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.

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