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Microsoft assists law enforcement to help disrupt Dorkbot botnets

December 3rd, 2015 No comments

Law enforcement agencies from around the globe, aided by Microsoft security researchers, have today announced the disruption of one of the most widely distributed malware families – Win32/Dorkbot. This malware family has infected more than one million PCs in over 190 countries.

Dorkbot spreads through USB flash drives, instant messaging programs, and social networks. It steals user credentials and personal information, disabling security protection, and distributing several other prevalent malware families.

The Microsoft Malware Protection Center (MMPC) and the Microsoft Digital Crimes Unit (DCU) led the analysis of the Dorkbot malware in partnership with ESET and Computer Emergency Response Team Polska (CERT Polska, NASK).

We activated a Coordinated Malware Eradication (CME) campaign, performed deep research, and provided telemetry to partners and law enforcement such as CERT Polska, ESET, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC), the Department of Homeland Security’s United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (DHS/USCERT), Europol, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Interpol, and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), to help take action against Dorkbot infrastructure.

The MMPC has closely monitored Dorkbot since its discovery in April 2011 and released our research in the following blogs:

Our real-time security software, such as Windows Defender for Windows 10, and standalone tools such as Microsoft Safety Scanner, and the Malicious Software Removal Tool (MSRT), can detect and remove Dorkbot. It’s important to keep your security software up-to-date to ensure you have the latest protection.

Dorkbot telemetry

During the past six months, Microsoft detected Dorkbot on an average of 100,000 infected machines each month. The top 10 countries shown in Figure 2 represent 61 percent of the total infections.

Dorkbot example  
Figure 1: Dorkbot infection trend for the past six months
 
Dorkbot example

Figure 2: Dorkbot detections by country for the past six months

Dorkbot example

Figure 3: Dorkbot machine detections heat map for past three months

Dorkbot is an Internet Relay Chat (IRC) based botnet. It is commercialized by its creator as a “crime kit” called NgrBot, which hackers can buy though underground online forums. The kit includes the bot-builder kits as well as documentation on how to create a Dorkbot botnet. Figure 4 and 5 show one of the builder interfaces for Dorkbot – illustrating all available functionalities that the operator can set through the kit, including the IRC server settings and the command settings.

Dorkbot example  
Figure 4: Dorkbot builder IRC server settings

Dorkbot example 

Figure 5: Dorkbot builder command settings

Distribution

Dorkbot malware has been distributed in various ways, including:

  • Removable drives (USB “thumb-drives”)
  • Instant messaging clients
  • Social networks
  • Drive-by downloads / Exploit kits
  • Spam emails

Dorkbot example

 
Figure 6: Dorkbot distribution methods

During a drive-by-download infection, a cybercriminal places specialized software known as an exploit kit on a website. An exploit kit is software that is designed to infect user computers that connect to the website using software vulnerabilities. These websites are known as exploit websites. Sometimes exploit websites are created by the botnet operator specifically for the purpose of spreading the infection, but in other cases they may be legitimate websites that have been hacked by the botnet operator. 

When a computer connects to an exploit website, the exploit kit tries to exploit unpatched software to install the Dorkbot worm.

Once a machine is infected with the bot, Dorkbot will distribute itself through removable drives, instant messaging clients and social networks.

Behaviors

Dorkbot’s primary goal is to steal online account user names and passwords, as well as other personally identifying information.

Dorkbot loader

Being sold online, there are several operators utilizing Dorkbot. In the most active campaign, Dorkbot was distributed within a loader module. This loader has its own code for updating itself and distributing other malware. It is also responsible for guiding Dorkbot’s connection to another command-and-control (C&C) server. The operator appears to be abusing the older IRC-based Dorkbot variant by disabling the self-check routine, changing IRC commands, and using the loader to force it to connect to the operator’s own C&C server.
 

Dorkbot example 

Figure 7: Original Dorkbot has self-check routine that was cracked by a recent operator

Dorkbot loader – update and download other malware

The loader module contains an encoded download URL in its binary. Currently the binaries hosted in these URLs are Dorkbot’s downloader component, self-update, and other malware families.
 
Dorkbot example

Figure 8: Decoded download URLs in the loader module

The Dorkbot worm can receive commands to download and install additional malware on the infected computer, causing users whose computers are infected with Dorkbot to be infected with other types of malware as well. Some of the malware families that we have seen downloaded by Dorkbot worms are listed in the below:

The Microsoft Malicious Software Removal Tool (MSRT) has detection for Dorkbot and most of these malware families.

Dorkbot loader – guide IRC module to real C&C

Since mid-2011, the IRC module version has remained the same and only had some byte patches performed by its operators. Patching the original C&C domain inside the IRC module has length limitations, so the operators put code inside the loader module to redirect the IRC module’s connection to a preferred C&C domain.

The loader creates a trap process (for example, mspaint.exe) and installs a code hook on a DNS-related API (DnsQuery_A, DnsFree). The hook code will compare if the query was on the old C&C server domain, and return the DNS query value of the preferred domain.

Dorkbot example

Figure 9: Overview of trap process guiding to real C&C
 
Dorkbot example

Figure 10: C&C server overriding
Dorkbot example  
Figure 11: List of C&C domains

After connecting to C&C server, the IRC module will start receiving commands.

Dorkbot – IRC module (aka NgrBot)

After a Dorkbot worm infects a computer, it connects to one of its pre-programmed C&C servers. Some variants communicate over IRC using encryption technology such as Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). In its first communication, the worm sends the C&C server its geolocation, the version of Windows running on the computer, and a unique computer identifier. At this point, it is ready to begin executing commands sent to it by the botnet operator. The commands available are shown in Figure 5.

Typically, after connecting to the C&C server, the infected computer will be instructed to download other malware or spread to other computers.
 
Dorkbot example

Figure 12: Dorkbot C&C communication via IRC

Operators keep patching string fragments such as IRC related commands (USER, PASS, NICK, PRIVMSG etc) or machine’s unique nickname format.
 
Dorkbot example

Figure 13: Comparison with the old (top) and new (bottom) version of Dorkbot

Stealing online user credentials

Dorkbot monitors Internet browser communications and intercepts communications with various websites. It does this by hooking network-related APIs such as the following:

  • HttpSendRequestA/W
  • InternetWriteFile
  • PR_Write

It then steals the user name and password used to log onto the website. Some of the websites that we have seen being targeted include:

  • AOL
  • eBay
  • Facebook
  • Gmail
  • Godaddy
  • OfficeBanking
  • Mediafire
  • Netflix
  • PayPal
  • Steam
  • Twitter
  • Yahoo
  • YouTube

Anti-security techniques

Blocking websites

Once connected to the C&C server, Dorkbot may be instructed to block certain security websites by blocking access to them. It does this through the hooked DnsQuery API in the IRC module. The main purpose is to prevent an infected machine from updating its antimalware definitions, thus preventing proper remediation of Dorkbot infections. The antimalware and security companies targeted by Dorkbot are listed in our Win32/Dorkbot description.

Anti-sandbox techniques

Whenever the loader runs on a system, it will record the time of its first execution in %TEMP%c731200 as UTC converted to seconds. Before downloading the newest Dorkbot variant and other malware, the loader will check if current time is at least 48 hours past the time recorded on installation. This way the loader can hide the download URLs from antimalware backend analysis system.

Remediation

To help prevent a Dorkbot infection, as well as other malware and unwanted software:

  • Be cautious when opening emails or social media messages from unknown users.
  • Be wary about downloading software from websites other than the program developers.
  • Run antimalware software regularly.

Our real-time security software, such as Windows Defender for Windows 10 for Windows 10 with up-to-date AV definitions will to ensure you have the latest protection against Dorkbot threats.

Alternatively, standalone tools such as Microsoft Safety Scanner, and the Malicious Software Removal Tool (MSRT), can also detect and remove Dorkbot.

Microsoft is also continuing the collaborative effort to help clean Dorkbot-infected computers by providing a one-time package with samples (through the Microsoft Virus Initiative) to help organizations in protecting their customers.

If your security organization is interested in joining or initiating a malware eradication campaign, or you are just interested in participating in the CME program, see the CME program page. You can also reach out to us directly through our contact page for more information.

Katrin Totcheva, Rodel Finones, HeungSoo Kang and Tanmay Ganacharya
MMPC

Microsoft assists law enforcement to help disrupt Dorkbot botnets

December 3rd, 2015 No comments

Law enforcement agencies from around the globe, aided by Microsoft security researchers, have today announced the disruption of one of the most widely distributed malware families – Win32/Dorkbot. This malware family has infected more than one million PCs in over 190 countries.

Dorkbot spreads through USB flash drives, instant messaging programs, and social networks. It steals user credentials and personal information, disabling security protection, and distributing several other prevalent malware families.

The Microsoft Malware Protection Center (MMPC) and the Microsoft Digital Crimes Unit (DCU) led the analysis of the Dorkbot malware in partnership with ESET and Computer Emergency Response Team Polska (CERT Polska, NASK).

We activated a Coordinated Malware Eradication (CME) campaign, performed deep research, and provided telemetry to partners and law enforcement such as CERT Polska, ESET, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC), the Department of Homeland Security’s United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (DHS/USCERT), Europol, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Interpol, and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), to help take action against Dorkbot infrastructure.

The MMPC has closely monitored Dorkbot since its discovery in April 2011 and released our research in the following blogs:

Our real-time security software, such as Windows Defender for Windows 10, and standalone tools such as Microsoft Safety Scanner, and the Malicious Software Removal Tool (MSRT), can detect and remove Dorkbot. It’s important to keep your security software up-to-date to ensure you have the latest protection.

Dorkbot telemetry

During the past six months, Microsoft detected Dorkbot on an average of 100,000 infected machines each month. The top 10 countries shown in Figure 2 represent 61 percent of the total infections.

Dorkbot example  
Figure 1: Dorkbot infection trend for the past six months
 
Dorkbot example

Figure 2: Dorkbot detections by country for the past six months

Dorkbot example

Figure 3: Dorkbot machine detections heat map for past three months

Dorkbot is an Internet Relay Chat (IRC) based botnet. It is commercialized by its creator as a “crime kit” called NgrBot, which hackers can buy though underground online forums. The kit includes the bot-builder kits as well as documentation on how to create a Dorkbot botnet. Figure 4 and 5 show one of the builder interfaces for Dorkbot – illustrating all available functionalities that the operator can set through the kit, including the IRC server settings and the command settings.

Dorkbot example  
Figure 4: Dorkbot builder IRC server settings

Dorkbot example 

Figure 5: Dorkbot builder command settings

Distribution

Dorkbot malware has been distributed in various ways, including:

  • Removable drives (USB “thumb-drives”)
  • Instant messaging clients
  • Social networks
  • Drive-by downloads / Exploit kits
  • Spam emails

Dorkbot example

 
Figure 6: Dorkbot distribution methods

During a drive-by-download infection, a cybercriminal places specialized software known as an exploit kit on a website. An exploit kit is software that is designed to infect user computers that connect to the website using software vulnerabilities. These websites are known as exploit websites. Sometimes exploit websites are created by the botnet operator specifically for the purpose of spreading the infection, but in other cases they may be legitimate websites that have been hacked by the botnet operator. 

When a computer connects to an exploit website, the exploit kit tries to exploit unpatched software to install the Dorkbot worm.

Once a machine is infected with the bot, Dorkbot will distribute itself through removable drives, instant messaging clients and social networks.

Behaviors

Dorkbot’s primary goal is to steal online account user names and passwords, as well as other personally identifying information.

Dorkbot loader

Being sold online, there are several operators utilizing Dorkbot. In the most active campaign, Dorkbot was distributed within a loader module. This loader has its own code for updating itself and distributing other malware. It is also responsible for guiding Dorkbot’s connection to another command-and-control (C&C) server. The operator appears to be abusing the older IRC-based Dorkbot variant by disabling the self-check routine, changing IRC commands, and using the loader to force it to connect to the operator’s own C&C server.
 

Dorkbot example 

Figure 7: Original Dorkbot has self-check routine that was cracked by a recent operator

Dorkbot loader – update and download other malware

The loader module contains an encoded download URL in its binary. Currently the binaries hosted in these URLs are Dorkbot’s downloader component, self-update, and other malware families.
 
Dorkbot example

Figure 8: Decoded download URLs in the loader module

The Dorkbot worm can receive commands to download and install additional malware on the infected computer, causing users whose computers are infected with Dorkbot to be infected with other types of malware as well. Some of the malware families that we have seen downloaded by Dorkbot worms are listed in the below:

The Microsoft Malicious Software Removal Tool (MSRT) has detection for Dorkbot and most of these malware families.

Dorkbot loader – guide IRC module to real C&C

Since mid-2011, the IRC module version has remained the same and only had some byte patches performed by its operators. Patching the original C&C domain inside the IRC module has length limitations, so the operators put code inside the loader module to redirect the IRC module’s connection to a preferred C&C domain.

The loader creates a trap process (for example, mspaint.exe) and installs a code hook on a DNS-related API (DnsQuery_A, DnsFree). The hook code will compare if the query was on the old C&C server domain, and return the DNS query value of the preferred domain.

Dorkbot example

Figure 9: Overview of trap process guiding to real C&C
 
Dorkbot example

Figure 10: C&C server overriding
Dorkbot example  
Figure 11: List of C&C domains

After connecting to C&C server, the IRC module will start receiving commands.

Dorkbot – IRC module (aka NgrBot)

After a Dorkbot worm infects a computer, it connects to one of its pre-programmed C&C servers. Some variants communicate over IRC using encryption technology such as Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). In its first communication, the worm sends the C&C server its geolocation, the version of Windows running on the computer, and a unique computer identifier. At this point, it is ready to begin executing commands sent to it by the botnet operator. The commands available are shown in Figure 5.

Typically, after connecting to the C&C server, the infected computer will be instructed to download other malware or spread to other computers.
 
Dorkbot example

Figure 12: Dorkbot C&C communication via IRC

Operators keep patching string fragments such as IRC related commands (USER, PASS, NICK, PRIVMSG etc) or machine’s unique nickname format.
 
Dorkbot example

Figure 13: Comparison with the old (top) and new (bottom) version of Dorkbot

Stealing online user credentials

Dorkbot monitors Internet browser communications and intercepts communications with various websites. It does this by hooking network-related APIs such as the following:

  • HttpSendRequestA/W
  • InternetWriteFile
  • PR_Write

It then steals the user name and password used to log onto the website. Some of the websites that we have seen being targeted include:

  • AOL
  • eBay
  • Facebook
  • Gmail
  • Godaddy
  • OfficeBanking
  • Mediafire
  • Netflix
  • PayPal
  • Steam
  • Twitter
  • Yahoo
  • YouTube

Anti-security techniques

Blocking websites

Once connected to the C&C server, Dorkbot may be instructed to block certain security websites by blocking access to them. It does this through the hooked DnsQuery API in the IRC module. The main purpose is to prevent an infected machine from updating its antimalware definitions, thus preventing proper remediation of Dorkbot infections. The antimalware and security companies targeted by Dorkbot are listed in our Win32/Dorkbot description.

Anti-sandbox techniques

Whenever the loader runs on a system, it will record the time of its first execution in %TEMP%c731200 as UTC converted to seconds. Before downloading the newest Dorkbot variant and other malware, the loader will check if current time is at least 48 hours past the time recorded on installation. This way the loader can hide the download URLs from antimalware backend analysis system.

Remediation

To help prevent a Dorkbot infection, as well as other malware and unwanted software:

  • Be cautious when opening emails or social media messages from unknown users.
  • Be wary about downloading software from websites other than the program developers.
  • Run antimalware software regularly.

Our real-time security software, such as Windows Defender for Windows 10 for Windows 10 with up-to-date AV definitions will to ensure you have the latest protection against Dorkbot threats.

Alternatively, standalone tools such as Microsoft Safety Scanner, and the Malicious Software Removal Tool (MSRT), can also detect and remove Dorkbot.

Microsoft is also continuing the collaborative effort to help clean Dorkbot-infected computers by providing a one-time package with samples (through the Microsoft Virus Initiative) to help organizations in protecting their customers.

If your security organization is interested in joining or initiating a malware eradication campaign, or you are just interested in participating in the CME program, see the CME program page. You can also reach out to us directly through our contact page for more information.

Katrin Totcheva, Rodel Finones, HeungSoo Kang and Tanmay Ganacharya
MMPC

Microsoft takes on world’s worst cybercriminals

July 15th, 2014 No comments

Microsoft recently took legal action against a group of cybercriminals suspected of spreading malicious software to millions of unsuspecting computer users.

These social media–savvy cybercriminals have not only spread the malware themselves, but they’ve also promoted their malicious tools across the Internet, offering step-by-step instructions to completely control millions of unsuspecting victims’ computers to conduct illicit crimes.

For more information on the legal action, see Microsoft takes on global cybercrime epidemic in tenth malware disruption.

To help protect yourself against cybercrime

  • Keep your operating system and other software updated.
  • Use antivirus software (and keep it updated).
  • Don’t open suspicious email messages, links, or attachments.

Get more guidance at How to boost your malware defense and protect your PC.

Best ways to battle botnets

February 25th, 2014 No comments

What is a botnet?

Botnets are networks of compromised computers that criminals use to commit fraud, such as:

  • Secretly spreading malware
  • Stealing personal information
  • Hijacking Internet search results to take you to websites that are potentially dangerous

How do I know if my computer is part of a botnet?

Your computer might be part of a botnet if it crashes or stops responding often or you experience other malware symptoms. You might also be directed to this page:

 

How can I clean my computer if I’ve been infected?

Botnets infect your computer with malware. To clean your computer, run the Microsoft Safety Scanner, and then run a scan with your antivirus software.

Get more guidance on how to remove malware

How can I help keep my computer out of botnets?

Make sure your computer has antivirus software, such as Windows Defender or Microsoft Security Essentials, and keep it updated.

To learn more about botnets, see How to better protect your PC from botnets and malware.

Categories: antivirus software, botnet, malware Tags:

Get free or paid support for your malware problem

September 24th, 2013 No comments

Is your computer running slowly? Are programs starting unexpectedly? Is the activity light on your broadband or external modem constantly lit? Does it sound like your computer’s hard disk is continually working?

If you answered “yes” to any of these questions, your computer might be infected with malware.

Scan your PC for viruses

If you suspect that your computer has a virus, you can download the Microsoft Safety Scanner. The Microsoft Safety Scanner is a free downloadable security tool that provides on-demand scanning and helps remove viruses, spyware, and other malicious software.

Download the Microsoft Safety Scanner

Get help from the Microsoft forums

If you’ve scanned your computer and you can’t get rid of the virus, you might be able to get free help from the Microsoft Community. Check out the Viruses and Malware forum.

Get help from a Microsoft Answer Tech for $99

If you want to pay for help, a Microsoft Answer Tech can help track down viruses, malware, and spyware.  

Chat with an Answer Tech now

“Cyber Crime Department” scam

March 21st, 2013 No comments

We’ve received increased reports of a new phishing scam email message that uses the name and official logo of the Microsoft Digital Crimes Unit (DCU). The wording varies, but it looks like a security measure and says you need to validate your account by confirming your user name and password or by opening a file attached to the message.  

This is a fake message, but DCU is a real worldwide team of lawyers, investigators, technical analysts, and other specialists working to transform the fight against digital crime through partnerships and legal and technical breakthroughs that destroy the way cybercriminals operate. The DCU is a unique team in the tech industry, focused on disrupting some of the most difficult cybercrime threats facing society today – including malicious software crimes fueled by the use of botnets and technology-facilitated child sexual exploitation.

DCU does not send email to individuals asking them to validate their account information.  If you get one of these email messages, it is a scam. 

There are legitimate times when, in the course of a botnet cleanup effort, DCU will work to inform known victims of a particular threat to help them remove the botnet malware and regain control of their computer.  Sometimes Microsoft will work with Internet service providers (ISPs) and Computer Emergency Response Teams, who in turn will work to inform malware victims by communicating through their already-established relationship with their ISP customers. This enables ISPs to be able to reach victims in a way that is clearly verifiable to botnet victims as legitimate.  Other times, Microsoft may indeed notify victims directly – but not in email and not to verify account information, as the phishing scams claim. 

When DCU does inform victims directly about a known malware infection on their computer, like in the recent case involving the Bamital botnet takedown, it will not ask people to click on a link or download an attachment.  Rather, DCU’s communication will be done over a secured connection and will be readily verifiable as legitimately coming from Microsoft.  These notifications will often also be accompanied by a high profile public information campaign that outlines the notification process, which will also help people independently verify that a warning is real and actually coming from Microsoft.

If you receive an email message claiming to be from the DCU, do not click on links or open any attachments.  Instead, you can either just delete it or you can report it.

Here’s a copy of the fake message:

This message contains three common signs of a scam:

  • Impersonation of a well-known company or organization
  • Time-sensitive threats to your account
  • Requests to click an attachment or link

Get more information on how to recognize phishing email messages, links, or phone calls.

Clean up malware resulting from the Bamital botnet

February 8th, 2013 No comments

On February 6, Microsoft announced that its Digital Crimes Unit had worked with Symantec to successfully deactivate a major botnet called Bamital. Below is an overview of Bamital and how you can remove it from your computer.

Botnets are networks of compromised computers, controlled remotely by criminals who use them to  secretly spread malware, steal personal information, and commit fraud. Bamital was designed to hijack internet search results and take people to websites that were potentially dangerous.

To learn more about botnets, see How to better protect your PC with botnet protection and avoid malware.

A majority of computers affected by Bamital were running Windows XP and not using a firewall and antivirus software or having monthly security updates installed.

You might have malware on your computer if you see this page:

To help clean Bamital and other malware from your computer, you can install antivirus and antispyware programs that are available online from a provider that you trust.

Microsoft and Symantec each provide free malware removal tools:

For more information about how to remove malware, visit the Virus and Security Solution Center from Microsoft Support.

Read more at the Official Microsoft Blog.

Clean up malware resulting from the Bamital botnet

February 8th, 2013 No comments

On February 6, Microsoft announced that its Digital Crimes Unit had worked with Symantec to successfully deactivate a major botnet called Bamital. Below is an overview of Bamital and how you can remove it from your computer.

Botnets are networks of compromised computers, controlled remotely by criminals who use them to  secretly spread malware, steal personal information, and commit fraud. Bamital was designed to hijack internet search results and take people to websites that were potentially dangerous.

To learn more about botnets, see How to better protect your PC with botnet protection and avoid malware.

A majority of computers affected by Bamital were running Windows XP and not using a firewall and antivirus software or having monthly security updates installed.

You might have malware on your computer if you see this page:

To help clean Bamital and other malware from your computer, you can install antivirus and antispyware programs that are available online from a provider that you trust.

Microsoft and Symantec each provide free malware removal tools:

For more information about how to remove malware, visit the Virus and Security Solution Center from Microsoft Support.

Read more at the Official Microsoft Blog.

Microsoft battles Zeus ID theft botnet

April 3rd, 2012 No comments

Microsoft, in collaboration with the financial services industry, successfully executed a coordinated global action against the Zeus botnet. Zeus is a type of malware that can monitor your online activity and record your keystrokes to commit identity theft.

Learn more about the botnet takedown.

If you think that your computer might be infected with the Zeus botnet, we recommend you:

  • Run the Microsoft Safety Scanner
    The Microsoft Safety Scanner is a free service that helps you identify and remove both worms and viruses to improve PC performance.

For more information, see the Microsoft Virus and Security Solution Center

Rustock: civil case closed

September 30th, 2011 No comments

Microsoft has officially announced that our civil case against the operators of the Rustock botnet (a major source of spam) has been closed and our teams have turned over the information we’ve gathered to the FBI.

The Rustock botnet is considered one of the largest sources of spam on the Internet and our case is helping to reduce the effects of the botnet and ensure that it will never be used for cybercrime again.

Learn how to clean an infected computer and help protect your PC with botnet protection and avoid malware.

What is the Rustock botnet?

The Rustock botnet is a network of infected computers controlled by cybercriminals and used for spam, fraud, and other cybercrime. The owners of infected computers probably had no idea that their computer was being used to send spam.

What did the Rustock botnet do?

Most of the spam messages generated by the Rustock botnet promoted counterfeit or unapproved generic pharmaceuticals from unlicensed and unregulated online drug sellers.  Rustock spam also used Microsoft’s trademark to promote these drugs. In another scheme, Rustock-generated email lured people into lottery scams in which spammers attempted to convince people that they had won a lottery. The victims were told that they needed to send the spammers money to collect the larger lottery winnings. 

Help protect yourself against these kinds of email and web scams.

Microsoft is offering a $250,000 reward for information that leads to the arrest and conviction of Rustock’s operators. Any tips should be sent directly to the FBI at MS_Referrals@ic.fbi.gov.

More information about the Rustock botnet

Categories: botnet, Microsoft, Rustock, security, spam Tags:

Microsoft offers $250,000 reward for information on botnet

July 22nd, 2011 No comments

This week, Richard Boscovich, Senior Attorney for the Microsoft Digital Crimes Unit, announced a $250,000 bounty for information that results in the identification, arrest, and criminal conviction of those responsible for controlling the Rustock botnet.

Microsoft shuttered Rustock (a major source of spam) back in March and we continue both to search for the cyberciminals responsible and to help people regain control of their Rustock-infected computers. If you think your computer might be at risk, learn how you can remove and avoid computer viruses.

Anyone who has with information about Rustock should contact their international law enforcement agency.

For more information, see Microsoft Offers Reward for Information on Rustock.

Rustock report: Stopping a major source of spam

In March we reported that Microsoft, in cooperation with industry and academic partners, had taken down the Rustock botnet, a notorious source of spam, fraud, and cybercrime.

Hard disks confiscated from Rustock command and control servers

This week Microsoft released new information that explores how Rustock works and how Microsoft defeated the botnet.

Conquering the Coreflood botnet

May 10th, 2011 No comments

The FBI and U.S. Department of Justice announced an operation to take down the Coreflood botnet.

The term bot is short for robot. Criminals distribute malicious software (also known as malware) that can turn your computer into a bot (also known as a zombie). When this occurs, your computer can perform automated tasks over the Internet, without you knowing it.

Criminals typically use bots to infect large numbers of computers. These computers form a network, or a botnet.

To avoid becoming part of a cybercriminals botnet, see How to better protect your PC with botnet protection and avoid malware.

Microsoft supports the effort to take down this and other botnets, and we’ve added Coreflood malware detection to the Microsoft Security Scanner.

For more information, see FBI and DOJ take on the Coreflood botnet.

 

Microsoft helps defeat major spam botnet

April 7th, 2011 Comments off

Watch experts from Microsoft and other organizations explain how botnets work and how Microsoft and Pfizer helped bring down the Rustock botnet, a notorious source of spam, fraud, and cybercrime.

Watch the video from CNBC World Business:

Rustock Takedown Is Part of Larger War on Spam

Microsoft helps defeat Rustock botnet

March 18th, 2011 Comments off

Microsoft, in
cooperation with industry and academic partners, has taken down the Rustock
botnet, a notorious source of spam, fraud, and cybercrime.

The Rustock botnet is a network
of infected computers
controlled by cybercriminals and used for a variety
of illegal activities. The owners of the infected computers probably had no
idea that their computer was being used to send spam. To learn how you can
avoid being a victim of a botnet, see How to better
protect your PC with botnet protection and avoid malware
.

What did the Rustock
botnet do?

Most of the spam messages generated by the Rustock botnet promoted
counterfeit or unapproved generic pharmaceuticals from unlicensed and
unregulated online drug sellers.  Rustock
spam also used
Microsoft’s trademark
to promote these drugs. In another scheme,
Rustock-generated email lured people into lottery
scams
in which spammers attempted to convince people that they had won a lottery.
The victims were told that they needed to send the spammers money to collect
the larger lottery winnings.  To help
protect yourself against these kinds of scams, see Email
and web scams: How to help protect yourself
.

Learn more about the
Rustock botnet takedown

For more information, see:

The Zbot battle: Microsoft turns up the heat

February 10th, 2011 Comments off

Botnets
are networks of compromised computers controlled by cybercriminals. Botnets can
send out spam, spread malicious software, steal passwords, and more.

Zbot (also known
as the “Zeus Botnet”) has been responsible for stealing passwords and other
financial information from infected computers worldwide.

Today, Microsoft
published a special edition of the Security Intelligence Report that details ongoing
success in the battle against Zbot.

Download the Zbot Analysis paper.

For more detailed
information on battling botnets, see the Featured Intelligence section of the Security Intelligence Report
website.

Protect yourself against botnets

Protect
your computer with Microsoft Security Essentials Software


Microsoft Security Essentials is the no-cost, high-quality service that helps protect
against botnets and other malicious software.

If you think your
computer is already infected by a botnet, try the following: